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The Cross-Sectional Association between Consumption of the Recommended Five Food Group "Grain (Cereal)", Dietary Fibre and Anthropometric Measures among Australian Adults.
Nutrients. 2017 Feb 18; 9(2)N

Abstract

The Australian Dietary Guidelines recommended "grain (cereal)" core food group includes both refined and whole grain foods, but excludes those that are discretionary (i.e., cakes). We investigated the association between daily serves from the "grain (cereal)" group and its effect on fibre and adiposity. Data from Australian adults in the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey were used (n = 9341). Participants were categorised by serves of core grain foods and general linear models were used to investigate the effect of demographic, socioeconomic, and dietary covariates on waist circumference, body mass index (BMI) and fibre intake. Compared to core grain avoiders (0 serves), high consumers (6+ serves/day) were: more likely male and socially advantaged, had a healthier dietary pattern, less likely dieting, overweight or obese, and were at lower risk of metabolic complications. After adjustment for age, sex and energy intake, there was an inverse relationship between core grain serves intake and BMI (p < 0.001), waist circumference (p = 0.001) and a positive relationship with fibre (p < 0.001). Model adjustments for diet and lifestyle factors resulted in a smaller difference in waist circumference (p = 0.006) and BMI (p = 0.006). Core grain serves was significantly associated with higher fibre, but marginally clinically significant for lower adiposity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Nutrition Research Australia, Level 13, 167 Macquarie St, Sydney NSW 2000, Australia. flavia@nraus.com.Department of Statistics, Macquarie University, Sydney NSW 2000, Australia. peter.petocz@mq.edu.au.Nutrition Research Australia, Level 13, 167 Macquarie St, Sydney NSW 2000, Australia. andrew@nraus.com.Nutrition Research Australia, Level 13, 167 Macquarie St, Sydney NSW 2000, Australia. kate@nraus.com.Nutrition Research Australia, Level 13, 167 Macquarie St, Sydney NSW 2000, Australia. mariegmansour@gmail.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28218715

Citation

Fayet-Moore, Flavia, et al. "The Cross-Sectional Association Between Consumption of the Recommended Five Food Group "Grain (Cereal)", Dietary Fibre and Anthropometric Measures Among Australian Adults." Nutrients, vol. 9, no. 2, 2017.
Fayet-Moore F, Petocz P, McConnell A, et al. The Cross-Sectional Association between Consumption of the Recommended Five Food Group "Grain (Cereal)", Dietary Fibre and Anthropometric Measures among Australian Adults. Nutrients. 2017;9(2).
Fayet-Moore, F., Petocz, P., McConnell, A., Tuck, K., & Mansour, M. (2017). The Cross-Sectional Association between Consumption of the Recommended Five Food Group "Grain (Cereal)", Dietary Fibre and Anthropometric Measures among Australian Adults. Nutrients, 9(2). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9020157
Fayet-Moore F, et al. The Cross-Sectional Association Between Consumption of the Recommended Five Food Group "Grain (Cereal)", Dietary Fibre and Anthropometric Measures Among Australian Adults. Nutrients. 2017 Feb 18;9(2) PubMed PMID: 28218715.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Cross-Sectional Association between Consumption of the Recommended Five Food Group "Grain (Cereal)", Dietary Fibre and Anthropometric Measures among Australian Adults. AU - Fayet-Moore,Flavia, AU - Petocz,Peter, AU - McConnell,Andrew, AU - Tuck,Kate, AU - Mansour,Marie, Y1 - 2017/02/18/ PY - 2016/12/14/received PY - 2017/02/07/revised PY - 2017/02/13/accepted PY - 2017/2/21/entrez PY - 2017/2/22/pubmed PY - 2017/8/2/medline KW - BMI KW - cereal KW - dietary guidelines KW - fibre KW - grain KW - waist circumference JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 9 IS - 2 N2 - The Australian Dietary Guidelines recommended "grain (cereal)" core food group includes both refined and whole grain foods, but excludes those that are discretionary (i.e., cakes). We investigated the association between daily serves from the "grain (cereal)" group and its effect on fibre and adiposity. Data from Australian adults in the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey were used (n = 9341). Participants were categorised by serves of core grain foods and general linear models were used to investigate the effect of demographic, socioeconomic, and dietary covariates on waist circumference, body mass index (BMI) and fibre intake. Compared to core grain avoiders (0 serves), high consumers (6+ serves/day) were: more likely male and socially advantaged, had a healthier dietary pattern, less likely dieting, overweight or obese, and were at lower risk of metabolic complications. After adjustment for age, sex and energy intake, there was an inverse relationship between core grain serves intake and BMI (p < 0.001), waist circumference (p = 0.001) and a positive relationship with fibre (p < 0.001). Model adjustments for diet and lifestyle factors resulted in a smaller difference in waist circumference (p = 0.006) and BMI (p = 0.006). Core grain serves was significantly associated with higher fibre, but marginally clinically significant for lower adiposity. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28218715/The_Cross_Sectional_Association_between_Consumption_of_the_Recommended_Five_Food_Group_"Grain__Cereal_"_Dietary_Fibre_and_Anthropometric_Measures_among_Australian_Adults_ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu9020157 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -