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Patterns of dairy food intake, body composition and markers of metabolic health in Ireland: results from the National Adult Nutrition Survey.
Nutr Diabetes 2017; 7(2):e243ND

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Studies examining the association between dairy consumption and metabolic health have shown mixed results. This may be due, in part, to the use of different definitions of dairy, and to single types of dairy foods examined in isolation.

OBJECTIVE

The objective of the study was to examine associations between dairy food intake and metabolic health, identify patterns of dairy food consumption and determine whether dairy dietary patterns are associated with outcomes of metabolic health, in a cross-sectional survey.

DESIGN

A 4-day food diary was used to assess food and beverage consumption, including dairy (defined as milk, cheese, yogurt, cream and butter) in free-living, healthy Irish adults aged 18-90 years (n=1500). Fasting blood samples (n=897) were collected, and anthropometric measurements taken. Differences in metabolic health markers across patterns and tertiles of dairy consumption were tested via analysis of covariance. Patterns of dairy food consumption, of different fat contents, were identified using cluster analysis.

RESULTS

Higher (total) dairy was associated with lower body mass index, %body fat, waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio (P<0.001), and lower systolic (P=0.02) and diastolic (P<0.001) blood pressure. Similar trends were observed when milk and yogurt intakes were considered separately. Higher cheese consumption was associated with higher C-peptide (P<0.001). Dietary pattern analysis identified three patterns (clusters) of dairy consumption; 'Whole milk', 'Reduced fat milks and yogurt' and 'Butter and cream'. The 'Reduced fat milks and yogurt' cluster had the highest scores on a Healthy Eating Index, and lower-fat and saturated fat intakes, but greater triglyceride levels (P=0.028) and total cholesterol (P=0.015).

CONCLUSION

Overall, these results suggest that while milk and yogurt consumption is associated with a favourable body phenotype, the blood lipid profiles are less favourable when eaten as part of a low-fat high-carbohydrate dietary pattern. More research is needed to better understand this association.

CONCLUSION

Overall, these results suggest that although milk and yogurt consumption is associated with a favourable body phenotype, the blood lipid profiles are less favourable when eaten as part of a low-fat high-carbohydrate dietary pattern. More research is needed to better understand this association.

Authors+Show Affiliations

UCD Institute of Food and Health, Science Centre South, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland. Food for Health Ireland, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.UCD Institute of Food and Health, Science Centre South, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.UCD Institute of Food and Health, Science Centre South, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland. Food for Health Ireland, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.UCD Institute of Food and Health, Science Centre South, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.School of Food & Nutritional Sciences, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland.School of Food & Nutritional Sciences, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland.UCD Institute of Food and Health, Science Centre South, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland. Food for Health Ireland, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28218736

Citation

Feeney, E L., et al. "Patterns of Dairy Food Intake, Body Composition and Markers of Metabolic Health in Ireland: Results From the National Adult Nutrition Survey." Nutrition & Diabetes, vol. 7, no. 2, 2017, pp. e243.
Feeney EL, O'Sullivan A, Nugent AP, et al. Patterns of dairy food intake, body composition and markers of metabolic health in Ireland: results from the National Adult Nutrition Survey. Nutr Diabetes. 2017;7(2):e243.
Feeney, E. L., O'Sullivan, A., Nugent, A. P., McNulty, B., Walton, J., Flynn, A., & Gibney, E. R. (2017). Patterns of dairy food intake, body composition and markers of metabolic health in Ireland: results from the National Adult Nutrition Survey. Nutrition & Diabetes, 7(2), pp. e243. doi:10.1038/nutd.2016.54.
Feeney EL, et al. Patterns of Dairy Food Intake, Body Composition and Markers of Metabolic Health in Ireland: Results From the National Adult Nutrition Survey. Nutr Diabetes. 2017 02 20;7(2):e243. PubMed PMID: 28218736.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Patterns of dairy food intake, body composition and markers of metabolic health in Ireland: results from the National Adult Nutrition Survey. AU - Feeney,E L, AU - O'Sullivan,A, AU - Nugent,A P, AU - McNulty,B, AU - Walton,J, AU - Flynn,A, AU - Gibney,E R, Y1 - 2017/02/20/ PY - 2016/07/11/received PY - 2016/10/25/revised PY - 2016/11/21/accepted PY - 2017/2/21/entrez PY - 2017/2/22/pubmed PY - 2017/11/29/medline SP - e243 EP - e243 JF - Nutrition & diabetes JO - Nutr Diabetes VL - 7 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: Studies examining the association between dairy consumption and metabolic health have shown mixed results. This may be due, in part, to the use of different definitions of dairy, and to single types of dairy foods examined in isolation. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine associations between dairy food intake and metabolic health, identify patterns of dairy food consumption and determine whether dairy dietary patterns are associated with outcomes of metabolic health, in a cross-sectional survey. DESIGN: A 4-day food diary was used to assess food and beverage consumption, including dairy (defined as milk, cheese, yogurt, cream and butter) in free-living, healthy Irish adults aged 18-90 years (n=1500). Fasting blood samples (n=897) were collected, and anthropometric measurements taken. Differences in metabolic health markers across patterns and tertiles of dairy consumption were tested via analysis of covariance. Patterns of dairy food consumption, of different fat contents, were identified using cluster analysis. RESULTS: Higher (total) dairy was associated with lower body mass index, %body fat, waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio (P<0.001), and lower systolic (P=0.02) and diastolic (P<0.001) blood pressure. Similar trends were observed when milk and yogurt intakes were considered separately. Higher cheese consumption was associated with higher C-peptide (P<0.001). Dietary pattern analysis identified three patterns (clusters) of dairy consumption; 'Whole milk', 'Reduced fat milks and yogurt' and 'Butter and cream'. The 'Reduced fat milks and yogurt' cluster had the highest scores on a Healthy Eating Index, and lower-fat and saturated fat intakes, but greater triglyceride levels (P=0.028) and total cholesterol (P=0.015). CONCLUSION: Overall, these results suggest that while milk and yogurt consumption is associated with a favourable body phenotype, the blood lipid profiles are less favourable when eaten as part of a low-fat high-carbohydrate dietary pattern. More research is needed to better understand this association. CONCLUSION: Overall, these results suggest that although milk and yogurt consumption is associated with a favourable body phenotype, the blood lipid profiles are less favourable when eaten as part of a low-fat high-carbohydrate dietary pattern. More research is needed to better understand this association. SN - 2044-4052 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28218736/Patterns_of_dairy_food_intake_body_composition_and_markers_of_metabolic_health_in_Ireland:_results_from_the_National_Adult_Nutrition_Survey_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nutd.2016.54 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -