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Effect of waxy barley, Kirarimochi, consumption on bowel movements of late-stage elderly residents at Roken nursing home.
J Physiol Anthropol. 2017 Feb 20; 36(1):17.JP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

It is very important for the late-stage elderly to have the least stressful bowel movements for maintaining a good quality of life. It is generally accepted that consuming adequate dietary fiber is a promising method for the prevention and management of stressful bowel movements such as those during constipation. Therefore, we examined the effect of long-term consumption of waxy barley, which is high in dietary fiber, on the bowel movements of the late-stage elderly living at Roken nursing home (a geriatric health services facility), Japan.

METHODS

We compared the defecation and laxative administration frequencies of the subjects before and after waxy barley consumption, for which we served 28 residents a boiled mixture of rice and waxy barley (variety name, Kirarimochi) as the main meals for 5 months, from November to March. In October, all residents were served boiled rice as the main meals.

RESULTS

The residents were categorized into "constipated" subjects and "non-constipated" subjects according to their weekly defecation frequency during October. Among the 14 residents categorized as constipated subjects, monthly number of days with defecation in November, January, and March significantly increased in comparison to monthly number of days with defecation in October. In addition, monthly number of days with laxative administration significantly decreased in December and February in comparison to monthly number of days with laxative administration in October. In contrast, the defecation and laxative administration frequencies did not change after waxy barley consumption among the 14 residents categorized as non-constipated subjects.

CONCLUSIONS

Consumption of waxy barley, Kirarimochi, for 5 months improved the bowel movements of the constipated subjects; however, the consumption had no effect on the bowel movements of the non-constipated subjects at Roken nursing home. These results indicate that consuming waxy barley, Kirarimochi, is beneficial for the management of constipation in the late-stage elderly residents at Roken nursing home.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Mimasaka Sakutou Nursing Home, 280 Emi, Mimasaka, Okayama, 709-4234, Japan. Present Address: Health promotion section, 390-2 Kitayama, Mimasaka, Okayama, 707-0014, Japan.Konan Women's University, 6-2-23, Morikita, Higashinada-ku, Kobe, Hyougo, 658-0001, Japan.NARO Western Region Agricultural Research Center, Crop Breeding and Food Functional Components Research Division, 1-3-1 Senyu-cho, Zentsuji, Kagawa, 765-8508, Japan.NARO Western Region Agricultural Research Center, Crop Breeding and Food Functional Components Research Division, 1-3-1 Senyu-cho, Zentsuji, Kagawa, 765-8508, Japan.Graduate School of Human Life Science, Mimasaka University, 50 Kitasono-cho, Tsuyama, Okayama, 708-8511, Japan. soneyoshi@mimasaka.ac.jp.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28219413

Citation

Taniguchi, Keiko, et al. "Effect of Waxy Barley, Kirarimochi, Consumption On Bowel Movements of Late-stage Elderly Residents at Roken Nursing Home." Journal of Physiological Anthropology, vol. 36, no. 1, 2017, p. 17.
Taniguchi K, Komae K, Takahashi A, et al. Effect of waxy barley, Kirarimochi, consumption on bowel movements of late-stage elderly residents at Roken nursing home. J Physiol Anthropol. 2017;36(1):17.
Taniguchi, K., Komae, K., Takahashi, A., Yoshioka, T., & Sone, Y. (2017). Effect of waxy barley, Kirarimochi, consumption on bowel movements of late-stage elderly residents at Roken nursing home. Journal of Physiological Anthropology, 36(1), 17. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40101-017-0131-0
Taniguchi K, et al. Effect of Waxy Barley, Kirarimochi, Consumption On Bowel Movements of Late-stage Elderly Residents at Roken Nursing Home. J Physiol Anthropol. 2017 Feb 20;36(1):17. PubMed PMID: 28219413.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of waxy barley, Kirarimochi, consumption on bowel movements of late-stage elderly residents at Roken nursing home. AU - Taniguchi,Keiko, AU - Komae,Kozo, AU - Takahashi,Asuka, AU - Yoshioka,Toji, AU - Sone,Yoshiaki, Y1 - 2017/02/20/ PY - 2016/05/25/received PY - 2017/02/10/accepted PY - 2017/2/22/entrez PY - 2017/2/22/pubmed PY - 2017/6/27/medline KW - Bowel movement KW - Constipation KW - Defecation KW - Dietary fiber KW - Late-stage elderly KW - Laxative administration KW - Nursing home KW - Waxy barley SP - 17 EP - 17 JF - Journal of physiological anthropology JO - J Physiol Anthropol VL - 36 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: It is very important for the late-stage elderly to have the least stressful bowel movements for maintaining a good quality of life. It is generally accepted that consuming adequate dietary fiber is a promising method for the prevention and management of stressful bowel movements such as those during constipation. Therefore, we examined the effect of long-term consumption of waxy barley, which is high in dietary fiber, on the bowel movements of the late-stage elderly living at Roken nursing home (a geriatric health services facility), Japan. METHODS: We compared the defecation and laxative administration frequencies of the subjects before and after waxy barley consumption, for which we served 28 residents a boiled mixture of rice and waxy barley (variety name, Kirarimochi) as the main meals for 5 months, from November to March. In October, all residents were served boiled rice as the main meals. RESULTS: The residents were categorized into "constipated" subjects and "non-constipated" subjects according to their weekly defecation frequency during October. Among the 14 residents categorized as constipated subjects, monthly number of days with defecation in November, January, and March significantly increased in comparison to monthly number of days with defecation in October. In addition, monthly number of days with laxative administration significantly decreased in December and February in comparison to monthly number of days with laxative administration in October. In contrast, the defecation and laxative administration frequencies did not change after waxy barley consumption among the 14 residents categorized as non-constipated subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Consumption of waxy barley, Kirarimochi, for 5 months improved the bowel movements of the constipated subjects; however, the consumption had no effect on the bowel movements of the non-constipated subjects at Roken nursing home. These results indicate that consuming waxy barley, Kirarimochi, is beneficial for the management of constipation in the late-stage elderly residents at Roken nursing home. SN - 1880-6805 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28219413/Effect_of_waxy_barley_Kirarimochi_consumption_on_bowel_movements_of_late_stage_elderly_residents_at_Roken_nursing_home_ L2 - https://jphysiolanthropol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40101-017-0131-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -