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Orthorexia and anorexia nervosa: two distinct phenomena? A cross-cultural comparison of orthorexic behaviours in clinical and non-clinical samples.
BMC Psychiatry. 2017 02 21; 17(1):75.BP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Orthorexia nervosa (ON) is defined as pathological healthful eating. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is any difference in orthorexic behaviours between clinical and non-clinical groups, and in different cultural contexts. .

METHODS

Recruitment involved both female patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) and healthy controls (HC) from Italy and Poland (N = 23 and N = 35 AN patients; and N = 39 and N = 39 HCs, in Italy and Poland, respectively). Assessment of orthorexic behaviours was performed with the ORTO-15 test.

RESULTS

Statistically significant differences were found between Italian women in the AN and HC group, whereas no difference between Polish women in the AN and HC group was found. Both Italian groups scored significantly higher than the Polish ones on the ORTO-15.

CONCLUSIONS

Differences have been found between the Italian and Polish samples, both in the percentage of individuals with orthorexic behaviours as suggested by an ORTO 15 score below the cutoff, and in the mean ORTO 15 scores in the AN and HC groups, suggesting cross-cultural differences in orthorexic behaviours, whose meaning is currently difficult to understand.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Psychiatry Institute, Dipartimento di Medicina Traslazionale, Università del Piemonte Orientale, Via Solaroli n° 17, 28100, Novara, Italy. carla.gramaglia@gmail.com.SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Katowice Faculty of Psychology, Katowice, Poland.University of Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński, Warsaw, Poland.Psychiatry Institute, Dipartimento di Medicina Traslazionale, Università del Piemonte Orientale, Via Solaroli n° 17, 28100, Novara, Italy.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28222705

Citation

Gramaglia, C, et al. "Orthorexia and Anorexia Nervosa: Two Distinct Phenomena? a Cross-cultural Comparison of Orthorexic Behaviours in Clinical and Non-clinical Samples." BMC Psychiatry, vol. 17, no. 1, 2017, p. 75.
Gramaglia C, Brytek-Matera A, Rogoza R, et al. Orthorexia and anorexia nervosa: two distinct phenomena? A cross-cultural comparison of orthorexic behaviours in clinical and non-clinical samples. BMC Psychiatry. 2017;17(1):75.
Gramaglia, C., Brytek-Matera, A., Rogoza, R., & Zeppegno, P. (2017). Orthorexia and anorexia nervosa: two distinct phenomena? A cross-cultural comparison of orthorexic behaviours in clinical and non-clinical samples. BMC Psychiatry, 17(1), 75. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-017-1241-2
Gramaglia C, et al. Orthorexia and Anorexia Nervosa: Two Distinct Phenomena? a Cross-cultural Comparison of Orthorexic Behaviours in Clinical and Non-clinical Samples. BMC Psychiatry. 2017 02 21;17(1):75. PubMed PMID: 28222705.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Orthorexia and anorexia nervosa: two distinct phenomena? A cross-cultural comparison of orthorexic behaviours in clinical and non-clinical samples. AU - Gramaglia,C, AU - Brytek-Matera,A, AU - Rogoza,R, AU - Zeppegno,P, Y1 - 2017/02/21/ PY - 2016/11/24/received PY - 2017/02/15/accepted PY - 2017/2/23/entrez PY - 2017/2/23/pubmed PY - 2017/7/8/medline KW - Anorexia nervosa KW - Culture KW - ORTO-15 KW - Orthorexia SP - 75 EP - 75 JF - BMC psychiatry JO - BMC Psychiatry VL - 17 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Orthorexia nervosa (ON) is defined as pathological healthful eating. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is any difference in orthorexic behaviours between clinical and non-clinical groups, and in different cultural contexts. . METHODS: Recruitment involved both female patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) and healthy controls (HC) from Italy and Poland (N = 23 and N = 35 AN patients; and N = 39 and N = 39 HCs, in Italy and Poland, respectively). Assessment of orthorexic behaviours was performed with the ORTO-15 test. RESULTS: Statistically significant differences were found between Italian women in the AN and HC group, whereas no difference between Polish women in the AN and HC group was found. Both Italian groups scored significantly higher than the Polish ones on the ORTO-15. CONCLUSIONS: Differences have been found between the Italian and Polish samples, both in the percentage of individuals with orthorexic behaviours as suggested by an ORTO 15 score below the cutoff, and in the mean ORTO 15 scores in the AN and HC groups, suggesting cross-cultural differences in orthorexic behaviours, whose meaning is currently difficult to understand. SN - 1471-244X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28222705/Orthorexia_and_anorexia_nervosa:_two_distinct_phenomena_A_cross_cultural_comparison_of_orthorexic_behaviours_in_clinical_and_non_clinical_samples_ L2 - https://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12888-017-1241-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -