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Tobacco smoking in Poland in the years from 2003 to 2014. Multi‑centre National Population Health Examination Survey (WOBASZ).
Pol Arch Intern Med. 2017 01 17; 127(2):91-99.PA

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

The reduction of tobacco smoking is a challenging problem of public health.

OBJECTIVES

The main purpose of this work was to evaluate the prevalence and tobacco use patterns in the adult population of Poles and its changes in a period between year 2003 and 2014. Furthermore, changes in the smoking addiction, the declared reasons for smoking as well as readiness and motivation to stop smoking has been assessed.

PATIENTS AND METHODS

Based on data from the Polish studies - WOBASZ and WOBASZ II, the analysis covered a population of 14576 persons from the 1st study (6906 men and 7670 women) and 5696 persons from the 2nd study (2578 men and 3118 women), aged 20 - 74.

RESULTS

According to the WOBASZ II study, in Poland 30% of men and 21% of women smoked, the shares being 9 and 4 % lower for men and women respectively in comparison with the WOBASZ (p<0.001). The average number of cigarettes smoked daily per smoker significantly decreased in the period of observation among men (from 17.9 to 15.8 cigarettes/day) and women (from 13.7 to 12.1). The percentage of never smoking men rose from 29.8% to 36.1% (p<0.0001). The proportion of never smoking women no changed. However, the percentage of those expressing unwillingness to quit tobacco smoking nearly doubled in WOBASZ II vs WOBASZ.

CONCLUSIONS

Although we found smoking rates in Poland have declined over the past decade, smoking remains prevalent among men and women. Therefore it is necessary to optimize the tobacco control in Poland including fiscal policy, counseling and tobacco addiction treatment, promotional and educational activities, with a special emphasis on the female population.

Authors

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Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28224973

Citation

Polakowska, Maria, et al. "Tobacco Smoking in Poland in the Years From 2003 to 2014. Multi‑centre National Population Health Examination Survey (WOBASZ)." Polish Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 127, no. 2, 2017, pp. 91-99.
Polakowska M, Kaleta D, Piotrowski W, et al. Tobacco smoking in Poland in the years from 2003 to 2014. Multi‑centre National Population Health Examination Survey (WOBASZ). Pol Arch Intern Med. 2017;127(2):91-99.
Polakowska, M., Kaleta, D., Piotrowski, W., Topór-Mądry, R., Puch-Walczak, A., Niklas, A., Bielecki, W., Kozakiewicz, K., Pająk, A., Tykarski, A., Zdrojewski, T., Drygas, W., & On Behalf Of Wobasz Investigators, . (2017). Tobacco smoking in Poland in the years from 2003 to 2014. Multi‑centre National Population Health Examination Survey (WOBASZ). Polish Archives of Internal Medicine, 127(2), 91-99. https://doi.org/10.20452/pamw.3896
Polakowska M, et al. Tobacco Smoking in Poland in the Years From 2003 to 2014. Multi‑centre National Population Health Examination Survey (WOBASZ). Pol Arch Intern Med. 2017 01 17;127(2):91-99. PubMed PMID: 28224973.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Tobacco smoking in Poland in the years from 2003 to 2014. Multi‑centre National Population Health Examination Survey (WOBASZ). AU - Polakowska,Maria, AU - Kaleta,Dorota, AU - Piotrowski,Walerian, AU - Topór-Mądry,Roman, AU - Puch-Walczak,Aleksandra, AU - Niklas,Arkadiusz, AU - Bielecki,Wojciech, AU - Kozakiewicz,Krystyna, AU - Pająk,Andrzej, AU - Tykarski,Andrzej, AU - Zdrojewski,Tomasz, AU - Drygas,Wojciech, AU - On Behalf Of Wobasz Investigators,, Y1 - 2017/01/17/ PY - 2017/2/23/pubmed PY - 2018/11/1/medline PY - 2017/2/23/entrez SP - 91 EP - 99 JF - Polish archives of internal medicine JO - Pol Arch Intern Med VL - 127 IS - 2 N2 - INTRODUCTION The reduction of tobacco smoking is a challenging problem of public health. OBJECTIVES The main purpose of this work was to evaluate the prevalence and tobacco use patterns in the adult population of Poles and its changes in a period between year 2003 and 2014. Furthermore, changes in the smoking addiction, the declared reasons for smoking as well as readiness and motivation to stop smoking has been assessed. PATIENTS AND METHODS Based on data from the Polish studies - WOBASZ and WOBASZ II, the analysis covered a population of 14576 persons from the 1st study (6906 men and 7670 women) and 5696 persons from the 2nd study (2578 men and 3118 women), aged 20 - 74. RESULTS According to the WOBASZ II study, in Poland 30% of men and 21% of women smoked, the shares being 9 and 4 % lower for men and women respectively in comparison with the WOBASZ (p<0.001). The average number of cigarettes smoked daily per smoker significantly decreased in the period of observation among men (from 17.9 to 15.8 cigarettes/day) and women (from 13.7 to 12.1). The percentage of never smoking men rose from 29.8% to 36.1% (p<0.0001). The proportion of never smoking women no changed. However, the percentage of those expressing unwillingness to quit tobacco smoking nearly doubled in WOBASZ II vs WOBASZ. CONCLUSIONS Although we found smoking rates in Poland have declined over the past decade, smoking remains prevalent among men and women. Therefore it is necessary to optimize the tobacco control in Poland including fiscal policy, counseling and tobacco addiction treatment, promotional and educational activities, with a special emphasis on the female population. SN - 1897-9483 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28224973/Tobacco_smoking_in_Poland_in_the_years_from_2003_to_2014__Multi‑centre_National_Population_Health_Examination_Survey__WOBASZ__ L2 - http://pamw.pl/en/issue/article/28224973 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -