Recombinant human TSH versus thyroid hormone withdrawal in adjuvant therapy with radioactive iodine of patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma and clinically apparent lymph node metastases not limited to the central compartment (cN1b).Arch Endocrinol Metab. 2017 Mar-Apr; 61(2):167-172.AE
To compare the short- and long-term outcomes of adjuvant therapy with radioactive iodine (RAI) preceded by the administration of recombinant human TSH (rhTSH) versus thyroid hormone withdrawal (THW) in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma and clinically apparent lymph node metastases not limited to the central neck compartment (cN1b).
Subjects and methods
The sample consisted of 178 cN1b patients at intermediate risk who underwent total thyroidectomy with apparently complete tumor resection [including postoperative ultrasonography (US) without anomalies] and who received adjuvant therapy with RAI (30-100 mCi) preceded by the administration of rhTSH (n = 91) or THW (n = 87).
One year after RAI, the rates of excellent response to therapy, i.e., nonstimulated thyroglobulin (Tg) ≤ 0.2 ng/mL with negative antithyroglobulin antibodies and negative neck US, and of structural disease were similar for the two preparations (84% and 4.5%, respectively, in both groups). During follow-up (median 66 months), the rate of structural or biochemical (nonstimulated Tg > 1 ng/mL, with increment) recurrence was also similar in the two groups (4.5%). In the last assessment, the percentage of patients without evidence of disease, i.e., nonstimulated Tg < 1 ng/mL and no evidence of structural disease, was similar for the two preparations [92.3% in the rhTSH group and 97.7% in the THW group (p = 0.17)].
Preparation with rhTSH was equally effective (short- and long-term) as THW for adjuvant RAI therapy of cN1b patients at intermediate risk and with apparently complete tumor resection.