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The use of the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal to predict success in a baccalaureate nursing program.
J Nurs Educ. 1987 Sep; 26(7):278-81.JN

Abstract

No nationally available objective instrument is currently recognized as predictive of successful nursing program completion. Such a measure, available prior to program entry, might guide admissions procedures and be used to counsel applicants. This longitudinal descriptive-correlational study investigated the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal as a potential predictor of success as measured by a passing score on the NCLEX examination for nurse registration. From a southern Arizona population of 177 baccalaureate nursing students who graduated between December 1982 and May 1984, 145 graduates comprised the volunteer sample. These participants completed the Watson-Glaser Appraisal during their first week as upper-division nursing students, consented to participation in the study, and permitted reporting of NCLEX scores for use in statistical analyses. Fifty-three participants from this group repeated the Watson-Glaser Appraisal in the final month prior to graduation. Pearson Correlation for first semester total Watson-Glaser score and NCLEX score was .31 (p = .002). There was no significant change in total Watson-Glaser scores between first and last semesters as demonstrated by t-test. Multiple Regression analysis demonstrated that first semester Watson-Glaser scores and Entry GPAs together accounted for 15% of the variance in NCLEX scores (p = .001). Continuing data collection and analysis will expand the study population with 42 current graduates. Findings suggest that this instrument is not a valid measure of specific cognitive processes underlying the Nursing Process. Findings support the usefulness of the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal as a potential pre-admission predictor of nursing success.

Authors+Show Affiliations

College of Nursing, University of Arizona, Tucson.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

2822871

Citation

Bauwens, E E., and G G. Gerhard. "The Use of the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal to Predict Success in a Baccalaureate Nursing Program." The Journal of Nursing Education, vol. 26, no. 7, 1987, pp. 278-81.
Bauwens EE, Gerhard GG. The use of the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal to predict success in a baccalaureate nursing program. J Nurs Educ. 1987;26(7):278-81.
Bauwens, E. E., & Gerhard, G. G. (1987). The use of the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal to predict success in a baccalaureate nursing program. The Journal of Nursing Education, 26(7), 278-81.
Bauwens EE, Gerhard GG. The Use of the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal to Predict Success in a Baccalaureate Nursing Program. J Nurs Educ. 1987;26(7):278-81. PubMed PMID: 2822871.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The use of the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal to predict success in a baccalaureate nursing program. AU - Bauwens,E E, AU - Gerhard,G G, PY - 1987/9/1/pubmed PY - 1987/9/1/medline PY - 1987/9/1/entrez SP - 278 EP - 81 JF - The Journal of nursing education JO - J Nurs Educ VL - 26 IS - 7 N2 - No nationally available objective instrument is currently recognized as predictive of successful nursing program completion. Such a measure, available prior to program entry, might guide admissions procedures and be used to counsel applicants. This longitudinal descriptive-correlational study investigated the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal as a potential predictor of success as measured by a passing score on the NCLEX examination for nurse registration. From a southern Arizona population of 177 baccalaureate nursing students who graduated between December 1982 and May 1984, 145 graduates comprised the volunteer sample. These participants completed the Watson-Glaser Appraisal during their first week as upper-division nursing students, consented to participation in the study, and permitted reporting of NCLEX scores for use in statistical analyses. Fifty-three participants from this group repeated the Watson-Glaser Appraisal in the final month prior to graduation. Pearson Correlation for first semester total Watson-Glaser score and NCLEX score was .31 (p = .002). There was no significant change in total Watson-Glaser scores between first and last semesters as demonstrated by t-test. Multiple Regression analysis demonstrated that first semester Watson-Glaser scores and Entry GPAs together accounted for 15% of the variance in NCLEX scores (p = .001). Continuing data collection and analysis will expand the study population with 42 current graduates. Findings suggest that this instrument is not a valid measure of specific cognitive processes underlying the Nursing Process. Findings support the usefulness of the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal as a potential pre-admission predictor of nursing success. SN - 0148-4834 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/2822871/The_use_of_the_Watson_Glaser_Critical_Thinking_Appraisal_to_predict_success_in_a_baccalaureate_nursing_program_ L2 - https://journals.healio.com/doi/10.3928/0148-4834-19870901-06?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -