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Certain Grain Foods Can Be Meaningful Contributors to Nutrient Density in the Diets of U.S. Children and Adolescents: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2009-2012.
Nutrients. 2017 Feb 20; 9(2)N

Abstract

Grain foods may play an important role in delivering nutrients to the diet of children and adolescents. The present study determined grain food sources of energy/nutrients in U.S. children and adolescents using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2009-2012. Analyses of grain food sources were conducted using a 24-h recall in participants 2-18 years old (N = 6109). Sources of nutrients contained in grain foods were determined using U.S. Department of Agriculture nutrient composition databases and excluded mixed dishes. Mean energy and nutrient intakes from the total diet and from various grain foods were adjusted for the sample design using appropriate weights. All grains provided 14% ± 0.2% kcal/day (263 ± 5 kcal/day), 22.5% ± 0.3% (3 ± 0.1 g/day) dietary fiber, 39.3% ± 0.5% (238 ± 7 dietary folate equivalents (DFE)/day) folate and 34.9% ± 0.5% (5.6 ± 0.1 mg/day) iron in the total diet in children and adolescents. The current analyses showed that certain grain foods, in particular breads, rolls and tortillas, ready-to-eat cereals and quick breads and bread products, are meaningful contributors of folate, iron, thiamin, niacin and dietary fiber, a nutrient of public health concern as outlined by the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Thus, specific grain foods contribute to nutrient density and have the potential to increase the consumption of several under-consumed nutrients in children and adolescents.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Nutritional Strategies, 59 Marriott Place, Paris, ON N3L 0A3, Canada. papanikolaou.yanni@gmail.com.Nutrition Impact, 9725 D Drive North, Battle Creek, MI 49014, USA. vic3rd@aol.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28230731

Citation

Papanikolaou, Yanni, and Victor L. Fulgoni. "Certain Grain Foods Can Be Meaningful Contributors to Nutrient Density in the Diets of U.S. Children and Adolescents: Data From the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2009-2012." Nutrients, vol. 9, no. 2, 2017.
Papanikolaou Y, Fulgoni VL. Certain Grain Foods Can Be Meaningful Contributors to Nutrient Density in the Diets of U.S. Children and Adolescents: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2009-2012. Nutrients. 2017;9(2).
Papanikolaou, Y., & Fulgoni, V. L. (2017). Certain Grain Foods Can Be Meaningful Contributors to Nutrient Density in the Diets of U.S. Children and Adolescents: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2009-2012. Nutrients, 9(2). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9020160
Papanikolaou Y, Fulgoni VL. Certain Grain Foods Can Be Meaningful Contributors to Nutrient Density in the Diets of U.S. Children and Adolescents: Data From the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2009-2012. Nutrients. 2017 Feb 20;9(2) PubMed PMID: 28230731.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Certain Grain Foods Can Be Meaningful Contributors to Nutrient Density in the Diets of U.S. Children and Adolescents: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2009-2012. AU - Papanikolaou,Yanni, AU - Fulgoni,Victor L, Y1 - 2017/02/20/ PY - 2016/08/17/received PY - 2017/01/22/revised PY - 2017/02/09/accepted PY - 2017/2/24/entrez PY - 2017/2/24/pubmed PY - 2017/8/2/medline KW - NHANES KW - children KW - energy KW - grains KW - nutrients JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 9 IS - 2 N2 - Grain foods may play an important role in delivering nutrients to the diet of children and adolescents. The present study determined grain food sources of energy/nutrients in U.S. children and adolescents using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2009-2012. Analyses of grain food sources were conducted using a 24-h recall in participants 2-18 years old (N = 6109). Sources of nutrients contained in grain foods were determined using U.S. Department of Agriculture nutrient composition databases and excluded mixed dishes. Mean energy and nutrient intakes from the total diet and from various grain foods were adjusted for the sample design using appropriate weights. All grains provided 14% ± 0.2% kcal/day (263 ± 5 kcal/day), 22.5% ± 0.3% (3 ± 0.1 g/day) dietary fiber, 39.3% ± 0.5% (238 ± 7 dietary folate equivalents (DFE)/day) folate and 34.9% ± 0.5% (5.6 ± 0.1 mg/day) iron in the total diet in children and adolescents. The current analyses showed that certain grain foods, in particular breads, rolls and tortillas, ready-to-eat cereals and quick breads and bread products, are meaningful contributors of folate, iron, thiamin, niacin and dietary fiber, a nutrient of public health concern as outlined by the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Thus, specific grain foods contribute to nutrient density and have the potential to increase the consumption of several under-consumed nutrients in children and adolescents. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28230731/Certain_Grain_Foods_Can_Be_Meaningful_Contributors_to_Nutrient_Density_in_the_Diets_of_U_S__Children_and_Adolescents:_Data_from_the_National_Health_and_Nutrition_Examination_Survey_2009_2012_ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu9020160 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -