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Effect of Chitosan Coating on the Postharvest Quality and Antioxidant Enzyme System Response of Strawberry Fruit during Cold Storage.
Foods 2015; 4(4):501-523F

Abstract

The effectiveness of chitosan fruit coating to delay the qualitative and nutraceutical traits of three strawberry cultivars, namely "Candonga", "Jonica" and "Sabrina", as well as the effects of chitosan on antioxidant enzymes were evaluated. The fruits were coated with 1% and 2% chitosan solution and stored at 2 °C for nine days. Samples were taken every three days. Physico-chemical (weight loss, soluble solid content and titratable acidity) and nutraceutical (total polyphenol, anthocyanin, flavonoid, ascorbic acid content and antioxidant capacity) properties along with the enzymatic activity (catalase (CAT), ascorbate peroxidase (APX), polyphenol oxidase (PPO), guaiacol peroxidase (GPX) and lipoxygenase (LOX)) were evaluated. Chitosan treatment significantly reduced water loss and delayed the qualitative changes in color, titratable acidity and ascorbic acid content in dose- and cultivar-dependent manners. Additionally, changes in the total polyphenol, anthocyanin and flavonoid contents and the antioxidant capacity of chitosan-coated strawberry fruits were delayed. Chitosan coating enhanced the activity of some antioxidant enzymes, preventing flesh browning and reducing membrane damage. A global view of the responses of the three strawberry cultivars to chitosan coating and storage temperature was obtained using principal component analysis. Chitosan-coated fruit exhibited a slower rate of deterioration, compared to uncoated fruit in all tested cultivars.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Consiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura e l'analisi dell'economia agraria (CREA)-Unità di ricerca per la Frutticoltura, Via Torrino, 3-81100 Caserta, Italy. milena.petriccione@entecra.it.Consiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura e l'analisi dell'economia agraria (CREA)-Unità di ricerca per la Frutticoltura, Via Torrino, 3-81100 Caserta, Italy. f.mastrobuoni@entecra.it.Consiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura e l'analisi dell'economia agraria (CREA)-Unità di ricerca per la Frutticoltura, Via Torrino, 3-81100 Caserta, Italy. silviapasquariello@libero.it.Consiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura e l'analisi dell'economia agraria (CREA)-Unità di ricerca per la Frutticoltura, Via Torrino, 3-81100 Caserta, Italy. luigizampella@live.it.Consiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura e l'analisi dell'economia agraria (CREA)-Unità di ricerca per la Frutticoltura, Via Torrino, 3-81100 Caserta, Italy. elviranobis@hotmail.it.Consiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura e l'analisi dell'economia agraria (CREA)-Unità di ricerca per la Frutticoltura, Via Torrino, 3-81100 Caserta, Italy. giuseppe.capriolo@entecra.it.Consiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura e l'analisi dell'economia agraria (CREA)-Unità di ricerca per la Frutticoltura, Via Torrino, 3-81100 Caserta, Italy. marco.scortichini@entecra.it.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28231220

Citation

Petriccione, Milena, et al. "Effect of Chitosan Coating On the Postharvest Quality and Antioxidant Enzyme System Response of Strawberry Fruit During Cold Storage." Foods (Basel, Switzerland), vol. 4, no. 4, 2015, pp. 501-523.
Petriccione M, Mastrobuoni F, Pasquariello MS, et al. Effect of Chitosan Coating on the Postharvest Quality and Antioxidant Enzyme System Response of Strawberry Fruit during Cold Storage. Foods. 2015;4(4):501-523.
Petriccione, M., Mastrobuoni, F., Pasquariello, M. S., Zampella, L., Nobis, E., Capriolo, G., & Scortichini, M. (2015). Effect of Chitosan Coating on the Postharvest Quality and Antioxidant Enzyme System Response of Strawberry Fruit during Cold Storage. Foods (Basel, Switzerland), 4(4), pp. 501-523. doi:10.3390/foods4040501.
Petriccione M, et al. Effect of Chitosan Coating On the Postharvest Quality and Antioxidant Enzyme System Response of Strawberry Fruit During Cold Storage. Foods. 2015 Sep 29;4(4):501-523. PubMed PMID: 28231220.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of Chitosan Coating on the Postharvest Quality and Antioxidant Enzyme System Response of Strawberry Fruit during Cold Storage. AU - Petriccione,Milena, AU - Mastrobuoni,Francesco, AU - Pasquariello,Maria Silvia, AU - Zampella,Luigi, AU - Nobis,Elvira, AU - Capriolo,Giuseppe, AU - Scortichini,Marco, Y1 - 2015/09/29/ PY - 2015/08/13/received PY - 2015/09/10/revised PY - 2015/09/23/accepted PY - 2017/2/24/entrez PY - 2015/9/29/pubmed PY - 2015/9/29/medline KW - antioxidant enzyme KW - bioactive compounds KW - chitosan KW - cold storage KW - principal component analysis KW - strawberry SP - 501 EP - 523 JF - Foods (Basel, Switzerland) JO - Foods VL - 4 IS - 4 N2 - The effectiveness of chitosan fruit coating to delay the qualitative and nutraceutical traits of three strawberry cultivars, namely "Candonga", "Jonica" and "Sabrina", as well as the effects of chitosan on antioxidant enzymes were evaluated. The fruits were coated with 1% and 2% chitosan solution and stored at 2 °C for nine days. Samples were taken every three days. Physico-chemical (weight loss, soluble solid content and titratable acidity) and nutraceutical (total polyphenol, anthocyanin, flavonoid, ascorbic acid content and antioxidant capacity) properties along with the enzymatic activity (catalase (CAT), ascorbate peroxidase (APX), polyphenol oxidase (PPO), guaiacol peroxidase (GPX) and lipoxygenase (LOX)) were evaluated. Chitosan treatment significantly reduced water loss and delayed the qualitative changes in color, titratable acidity and ascorbic acid content in dose- and cultivar-dependent manners. Additionally, changes in the total polyphenol, anthocyanin and flavonoid contents and the antioxidant capacity of chitosan-coated strawberry fruits were delayed. Chitosan coating enhanced the activity of some antioxidant enzymes, preventing flesh browning and reducing membrane damage. A global view of the responses of the three strawberry cultivars to chitosan coating and storage temperature was obtained using principal component analysis. Chitosan-coated fruit exhibited a slower rate of deterioration, compared to uncoated fruit in all tested cultivars. SN - 2304-8158 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28231220/Effect_of_Chitosan_Coating_on_the_Postharvest_Quality_and_Antioxidant_Enzyme_System_Response_of_Strawberry_Fruit_during_Cold_Storage_ L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=foods4040501 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -