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Family history density of substance use problems among undergraduate college students: Associations with heavy alcohol use and alcohol use disorder.
Addict Behav 2017; 71:1-6AB

Abstract

PURPOSE

A family history of alcoholism has been found associated with problematic alcohol use among college students, but less research has examined the effects of family history density of substance use problems in this population. This study examined the prevalence of family history density of substance use problems and its associations with heavy alcohol use, negative alcohol consequences, and alcohol use disorder in a college sample.

METHODS

Based on a secondary analysis of a probability sample, data were analyzed from 606 undergraduate students. Family history density of substance use problems included both first and second degree biological relatives. Heavy alcohol use was the total number of days in which participants drank five/four or more drinks for men/women, negative alcohol consequences were derived from items commonly asked in college student surveys, and an alcohol use disorder was defined as meeting diagnostic criteria for alcohol abuse or dependence. Point prevalence estimated rates of family history density of substance use problems, and negative binomial, ANCOVA, and logistic regression models examined associations between family history density and the alcohol variables while adjusting for sociodemographic variables.

RESULTS

Family history density of substance use problems was not significantly associated with total days of heavy alcohol use. Having a second degree, a first degree, or both a first and second degree relative(s) with a substance use problem, however, was significantly associated with experiencing negative alcohol consequences. In addition, having both a first and second degree relative(s) with a substance use problem significantly increased the odds of having an alcohol use disorder.

CONCLUSIONS

Family history density of substance use problems may play a role in experiencing negative alcohol consequences and in having an alcohol use disorder among undergraduate college students and may be an important risk factor to assess by college health professionals.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences, Case Western Reserve University, United States. Electronic address: gregory.powers@case.edu.Helen Bader School of Social Welfare, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, United States.Helen Bader School of Social Welfare, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, United States; Northwestern Mutual, Milwaukee, WI, United States.School of Social Work, University of Connecticut, United States.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28231492

Citation

Powers, Gregory, et al. "Family History Density of Substance Use Problems Among Undergraduate College Students: Associations With Heavy Alcohol Use and Alcohol Use Disorder." Addictive Behaviors, vol. 71, 2017, pp. 1-6.
Powers G, Berger L, Fuhrmann D, et al. Family history density of substance use problems among undergraduate college students: Associations with heavy alcohol use and alcohol use disorder. Addict Behav. 2017;71:1-6.
Powers, G., Berger, L., Fuhrmann, D., & Fendrich, M. (2017). Family history density of substance use problems among undergraduate college students: Associations with heavy alcohol use and alcohol use disorder. Addictive Behaviors, 71, pp. 1-6. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.02.015.
Powers G, et al. Family History Density of Substance Use Problems Among Undergraduate College Students: Associations With Heavy Alcohol Use and Alcohol Use Disorder. Addict Behav. 2017;71:1-6. PubMed PMID: 28231492.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Family history density of substance use problems among undergraduate college students: Associations with heavy alcohol use and alcohol use disorder. AU - Powers,Gregory, AU - Berger,Lisa, AU - Fuhrmann,Daniel, AU - Fendrich,Michael, Y1 - 2017/02/09/ PY - 2016/10/23/received PY - 2017/02/04/revised PY - 2017/02/08/accepted PY - 2017/2/24/pubmed PY - 2018/2/10/medline PY - 2017/2/24/entrez KW - Alcohol use consequences KW - Alcohol use disorder KW - College students KW - Family history KW - Heavy drinking SP - 1 EP - 6 JF - Addictive behaviors JO - Addict Behav VL - 71 N2 - PURPOSE: A family history of alcoholism has been found associated with problematic alcohol use among college students, but less research has examined the effects of family history density of substance use problems in this population. This study examined the prevalence of family history density of substance use problems and its associations with heavy alcohol use, negative alcohol consequences, and alcohol use disorder in a college sample. METHODS: Based on a secondary analysis of a probability sample, data were analyzed from 606 undergraduate students. Family history density of substance use problems included both first and second degree biological relatives. Heavy alcohol use was the total number of days in which participants drank five/four or more drinks for men/women, negative alcohol consequences were derived from items commonly asked in college student surveys, and an alcohol use disorder was defined as meeting diagnostic criteria for alcohol abuse or dependence. Point prevalence estimated rates of family history density of substance use problems, and negative binomial, ANCOVA, and logistic regression models examined associations between family history density and the alcohol variables while adjusting for sociodemographic variables. RESULTS: Family history density of substance use problems was not significantly associated with total days of heavy alcohol use. Having a second degree, a first degree, or both a first and second degree relative(s) with a substance use problem, however, was significantly associated with experiencing negative alcohol consequences. In addition, having both a first and second degree relative(s) with a substance use problem significantly increased the odds of having an alcohol use disorder. CONCLUSIONS: Family history density of substance use problems may play a role in experiencing negative alcohol consequences and in having an alcohol use disorder among undergraduate college students and may be an important risk factor to assess by college health professionals. SN - 1873-6327 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28231492/Family_history_density_of_substance_use_problems_among_undergraduate_college_students:_Associations_with_heavy_alcohol_use_and_alcohol_use_disorder_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0306-4603(17)30078-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -