The impact of hemocoagulase for improvement of coagulation and reduction of bleeding in fracture-related hip hemiarthroplasty geriatric patients: A prospective, single-blinded, randomized, controlled study.Injury. 2017 Apr; 48(4):914-919.I
Uncontrolled bleeding is associated with poor outcomes and mortality in geriatric patients undergoing hemiarthroplasty. Hemocoagulase agkistrodon is a hemocoagulative, anti-hemorrhagic enzyme complex from Deinagkistrodon acutus snake venom. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of hemocoagulase agkistrodon on coagulation and bleeding outcomes in fracture-related hemiarthroplasty.
PATIENTS AND METHODS
This was a prospective, single-blinded, randomized controlled trial carried out between October 2013 and September 2014 in 96 geriatric patients undergoing hemiarthroplasty for unilateral femoral neck fracture. Patients were administrated hemocoagulase agkistrodon (n=48) or normal saline (n=48). Intraoperative blood loss, transfusion volume and rate, and drainage were assessed. Hemoglobin (Hb) and coagulation parameters (prothrombin time [PT], thrombin time [TT], plasma fibrinogen [FIB], and activated partial thromboplastin time [aPTT]) were recorded preoperatively and 30min and 1, 3, and 5days after surgery. Complications were followed up for 4 weeks.
Compared to controls, hemocoagulase patients exhibited lower intraoperative blood loss (P<0.01) and postoperative blood loss, total drainage, mean transfusion volume, and transfusion rates (all P<0.05), with lower aPTT at 30min (P<0.05). No significant differences in postoperative FIB were observed. Controls exhibited significantly higher PP and TT on day 1, and Hb on days 1, 3, and 5 (P<0.05). No serious complications were reported.
Hemocoagulase reduced blood loss and transfusion in fracture-related hip hemiarthroplasty without increasing short-term adverse event rates. In geriatric populations, hemocoagulase could be used for limiting bleeding and related complications.
This trial is registered in the Chinese Clinical Trial Register (no. ChiCTR-TRC-14004379).