Electromyography-guided hyaluronic acid injection laryngoplasty in early stage of unilateral vocal fold paralysis.Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp. 2017 Sep - Oct; 68(5):274-283.AO
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE
To assess the effectiveness of electromyography-guided hyaluronic acid injection laryngoplasty in the early stage of unilateral vocal fold paralysis in terms of patient recovery from dysphonia and quality of life.
Between January and December 2014, 28 patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis underwent electromyography and injection of hyaluronic acid in the thyroarytenoid muscle. We compared the voice handicap index, grade, roughness, breathiness, asthenia, strain scale (GRBAS), videostroboscopic parameters and maximum phonation time assessed before, 15 days and 6 months after the intervention, using the non-parametric Wilcoxon rank test.
Out of the 28 patients, 1 had a haematoma in the injected vocal fold (3.57%) and 6 required second injections. The maximum phonation time of the vowel /e/ increased from 6.07 to 12.14 sec. (15 days post-intervention) and subsequently 12.75 (6 months post-intervention). There was also a significant improvement in the grade, roughness, breathiness, asthenia, strain scale in parameters G, B and A both 15 days and 6 months after the intervention. The voice handicap index score decreased from 58.29 to 37.63 (15 days post-intervention) and 29.64 (6 months post-intervention).
Electromyography-guided hyaluronic injection laryngoplasty in unilateral vocal fold paralysis enables, in the same intervention, neuromuscular assessment and temporary treatment of glottic insufficiency with a low risk of complications and improvement in patient's quality of life. This may reduce the need for subsequent treatments, but further research is required to confirm these findings.