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History of the low FODMAP diet.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2017; 32 Suppl 1:5-7JG

Abstract

It has long been known that many short-chain carbohydrates can induce abdominal symptoms that are similar to those in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). It was hypothesized that restricting the intake of all short-chain carbohydrates that are either slowly absorbed or not digested in the small intestine should be considered together because they all have similar effects on the intestine by distending the lumen. These groups of carbohydrates were called, Fermentable, Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides and Monosaccharides and Polyols (FODMAPs), because of the lack of a known collective term. By reducing their dietary intake, it was also hypothesized that abdominal symptoms in patients with IBS would be alleviated in patients with visceral sensitivity and a low FODMAP diet was subsequently designed. Over the last 12 years, the mechanisms of action, food content of FODMAPs and efficacy of the diet, among other aspects have been intensively studied. In many parts of the world, the low FODMAP diet is now considered a front-line therapy for IBS.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Gastroenterology, Monash University and Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28244673

Citation

Gibson, Peter R.. "History of the Low FODMAP Diet." Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, vol. 32 Suppl 1, 2017, pp. 5-7.
Gibson PR. History of the low FODMAP diet. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2017;32 Suppl 1:5-7.
Gibson, P. R. (2017). History of the low FODMAP diet. Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 32 Suppl 1, pp. 5-7. doi:10.1111/jgh.13685.
Gibson PR. History of the Low FODMAP Diet. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2017;32 Suppl 1:5-7. PubMed PMID: 28244673.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - History of the low FODMAP diet. A1 - Gibson,Peter R, PY - 2016/11/29/accepted PY - 2017/3/1/entrez PY - 2017/3/1/pubmed PY - 2017/8/11/medline KW - carbohydrate malabsorption KW - fructans KW - fructose KW - galacto-oligosaccharides KW - lactose intolerance KW - sorbitol KW - xylitol SP - 5 EP - 7 JF - Journal of gastroenterology and hepatology JO - J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol. VL - 32 Suppl 1 N2 - It has long been known that many short-chain carbohydrates can induce abdominal symptoms that are similar to those in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). It was hypothesized that restricting the intake of all short-chain carbohydrates that are either slowly absorbed or not digested in the small intestine should be considered together because they all have similar effects on the intestine by distending the lumen. These groups of carbohydrates were called, Fermentable, Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides and Monosaccharides and Polyols (FODMAPs), because of the lack of a known collective term. By reducing their dietary intake, it was also hypothesized that abdominal symptoms in patients with IBS would be alleviated in patients with visceral sensitivity and a low FODMAP diet was subsequently designed. Over the last 12 years, the mechanisms of action, food content of FODMAPs and efficacy of the diet, among other aspects have been intensively studied. In many parts of the world, the low FODMAP diet is now considered a front-line therapy for IBS. SN - 1440-1746 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28244673/History_of_the_low_FODMAP_diet_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/jgh.13685 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -