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Effect of pectin, wheat bran and cellulose on serum lipids and lipoproteins in rats fed on a low- or high-fat diet.
Br J Nutr. 1987 Nov; 58(3):405-13.BJ

Abstract

1. Four groups of adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed for 6 weeks on a diet with a low-fat content (50 g/kg) and another four groups were given a diet rich in fat (250 g/kg) and cholesterol (12 g/kg). In both cases, the basal diets were either fibre-depleted or supplemented with cellulose (60 g/kg), wheat bran (100 g/kg) or low-methoxyl pectin (100 g/kg). 2. Low-methoxyl pectin displayed the most hypocholesterolaemic effect and decreased the cholesterol content of the very-low-density lipoproteins (VLDL) and low-density lipoproteins (LDL), when the low-fat diet was given. When rats were fed on the high-fat diet, pectin no longer had a hypocholesterolaemic effect but still decreased the VLDL-cholesterol content. Pectin lowered serum triglyceride and VLDL-triglyceride levels only when the low-fat diet was given. 3. Wheat bran exerted no hypocholesterolaemic effect in rats fed on the low- and high-fat diets, but decreased the cholesterol content of VLDL and lowered serum triglycerides and VLDL-triglycerides when the high-fat diet was given. 4. Purified cellulose had no significant effect on plasma lipids. 5. As shown by multivariance analysis, low-methoxyl pectin and wheat bran both beneficially modified the serum triglyceride and cholesterol variables except VLDL-triglycerides. However, the magnitude of the effect of each individual type of fibre was dependent on the fat and cholesterol content of the diet, suggesting the existence of different mechanisms of action.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Unité 130-INSERM (Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale), Marseille, France.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

2825766

Citation

Vigne, J L., et al. "Effect of Pectin, Wheat Bran and Cellulose On Serum Lipids and Lipoproteins in Rats Fed On a Low- or High-fat Diet." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 58, no. 3, 1987, pp. 405-13.
Vigne JL, Lairon D, Borel P, et al. Effect of pectin, wheat bran and cellulose on serum lipids and lipoproteins in rats fed on a low- or high-fat diet. Br J Nutr. 1987;58(3):405-13.
Vigne, J. L., Lairon, D., Borel, P., Portugal, H., Pauli, A. M., Hauton, J. C., & Lafont, H. (1987). Effect of pectin, wheat bran and cellulose on serum lipids and lipoproteins in rats fed on a low- or high-fat diet. The British Journal of Nutrition, 58(3), 405-13.
Vigne JL, et al. Effect of Pectin, Wheat Bran and Cellulose On Serum Lipids and Lipoproteins in Rats Fed On a Low- or High-fat Diet. Br J Nutr. 1987;58(3):405-13. PubMed PMID: 2825766.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of pectin, wheat bran and cellulose on serum lipids and lipoproteins in rats fed on a low- or high-fat diet. AU - Vigne,J L, AU - Lairon,D, AU - Borel,P, AU - Portugal,H, AU - Pauli,A M, AU - Hauton,J C, AU - Lafont,H, PY - 1987/11/1/pubmed PY - 1987/11/1/medline PY - 1987/11/1/entrez SP - 405 EP - 13 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br. J. Nutr. VL - 58 IS - 3 N2 - 1. Four groups of adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed for 6 weeks on a diet with a low-fat content (50 g/kg) and another four groups were given a diet rich in fat (250 g/kg) and cholesterol (12 g/kg). In both cases, the basal diets were either fibre-depleted or supplemented with cellulose (60 g/kg), wheat bran (100 g/kg) or low-methoxyl pectin (100 g/kg). 2. Low-methoxyl pectin displayed the most hypocholesterolaemic effect and decreased the cholesterol content of the very-low-density lipoproteins (VLDL) and low-density lipoproteins (LDL), when the low-fat diet was given. When rats were fed on the high-fat diet, pectin no longer had a hypocholesterolaemic effect but still decreased the VLDL-cholesterol content. Pectin lowered serum triglyceride and VLDL-triglyceride levels only when the low-fat diet was given. 3. Wheat bran exerted no hypocholesterolaemic effect in rats fed on the low- and high-fat diets, but decreased the cholesterol content of VLDL and lowered serum triglycerides and VLDL-triglycerides when the high-fat diet was given. 4. Purified cellulose had no significant effect on plasma lipids. 5. As shown by multivariance analysis, low-methoxyl pectin and wheat bran both beneficially modified the serum triglyceride and cholesterol variables except VLDL-triglycerides. However, the magnitude of the effect of each individual type of fibre was dependent on the fat and cholesterol content of the diet, suggesting the existence of different mechanisms of action. SN - 0007-1145 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/2825766/Effect_of_pectin_wheat_bran_and_cellulose_on_serum_lipids_and_lipoproteins_in_rats_fed_on_a_low__or_high_fat_diet_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0007114587001119/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -