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Smoking behaviors and intentions among current e-cigarette users, cigarette smokers, and dual users: A national survey of U.S. high school seniors.
Prev Med. 2017 Jun; 99:228-235.PM

Abstract

E-cigarette use among adolescents has increased significantly in recent years, but it remains unclear whether cigarette smoking behaviors and intentions for future cigarette smoking differ among current (i.e., 30-day) non-users, only e-cigarette users, only cigarette smokers, and dual users. A nationally representative sample of 4385 U.S. high school seniors were surveyed during the spring of their senior year via self-administered questionnaires in 2014. An estimated 9.6% of U.S. high school seniors reported current e-cigarette use only, 6.3% reported current cigarette smoking only, and 7.2% reported current dual use of e-cigarettes and cigarette smoking. There were no significant differences between current only cigarette smokers and dual users in the odds of early onset of cigarette smoking, daily cigarette smoking, intentions for future cigarette smoking, friends' cigarette smoking behaviors, attempts to quit cigarette smoking, or the inability to quit cigarette smoking. Adolescents who only used e-cigarettes had higher odds of intentions for future cigarette smoking in the next 5years (AOR=2.57, 95% CI: 1.21-5.24) than current non-users. Dual users and only cigarette smokers had higher odds of cigarette smoking behaviors and intentions for future cigarette smoking than non-users or only e-cigarette users. Adolescents who engage in current dual use have cigarette smoking behaviors and intentions for future cigarette smoking that more closely resemble cigarette smokers than e-cigarette users. Adolescents who only use e-cigarettes have higher intentions to engage in future cigarette smoking relative to their peers who do not engage in e-cigarette use or cigarette smoking.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute for Research on Women and Gender, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States; Substance Abuse Research Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States. Electronic address: plius@umich.edu.Institute for Research on Women and Gender, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States.Lung Care and Smoking Cessation Program, St. Joseph Mercy Health System, Ann Arbor, MI, United States.Institute for Research on Women and Gender, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States; Substance Abuse Research Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States; School of Nursing, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States; Addiction Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28257785

Citation

McCabe, Sean Esteban, et al. "Smoking Behaviors and Intentions Among Current E-cigarette Users, Cigarette Smokers, and Dual Users: a National Survey of U.S. High School Seniors." Preventive Medicine, vol. 99, 2017, pp. 228-235.
McCabe SE, Veliz P, McCabe VV, et al. Smoking behaviors and intentions among current e-cigarette users, cigarette smokers, and dual users: A national survey of U.S. high school seniors. Prev Med. 2017;99:228-235.
McCabe, S. E., Veliz, P., McCabe, V. V., & Boyd, C. J. (2017). Smoking behaviors and intentions among current e-cigarette users, cigarette smokers, and dual users: A national survey of U.S. high school seniors. Preventive Medicine, 99, 228-235. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2017.02.025
McCabe SE, et al. Smoking Behaviors and Intentions Among Current E-cigarette Users, Cigarette Smokers, and Dual Users: a National Survey of U.S. High School Seniors. Prev Med. 2017;99:228-235. PubMed PMID: 28257785.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Smoking behaviors and intentions among current e-cigarette users, cigarette smokers, and dual users: A national survey of U.S. high school seniors. AU - McCabe,Sean Esteban, AU - Veliz,Phil, AU - McCabe,Vita V, AU - Boyd,Carol J, Y1 - 2017/03/01/ PY - 2016/10/12/received PY - 2017/02/21/revised PY - 2017/02/25/accepted PY - 2017/3/5/pubmed PY - 2018/4/25/medline PY - 2017/3/5/entrez KW - Adolescents KW - Cigarette smoking KW - Cigarettes KW - Electronic cigarettes KW - Epidemiology KW - Nicotine KW - Tobacco products SP - 228 EP - 235 JF - Preventive medicine JO - Prev Med VL - 99 N2 - E-cigarette use among adolescents has increased significantly in recent years, but it remains unclear whether cigarette smoking behaviors and intentions for future cigarette smoking differ among current (i.e., 30-day) non-users, only e-cigarette users, only cigarette smokers, and dual users. A nationally representative sample of 4385 U.S. high school seniors were surveyed during the spring of their senior year via self-administered questionnaires in 2014. An estimated 9.6% of U.S. high school seniors reported current e-cigarette use only, 6.3% reported current cigarette smoking only, and 7.2% reported current dual use of e-cigarettes and cigarette smoking. There were no significant differences between current only cigarette smokers and dual users in the odds of early onset of cigarette smoking, daily cigarette smoking, intentions for future cigarette smoking, friends' cigarette smoking behaviors, attempts to quit cigarette smoking, or the inability to quit cigarette smoking. Adolescents who only used e-cigarettes had higher odds of intentions for future cigarette smoking in the next 5years (AOR=2.57, 95% CI: 1.21-5.24) than current non-users. Dual users and only cigarette smokers had higher odds of cigarette smoking behaviors and intentions for future cigarette smoking than non-users or only e-cigarette users. Adolescents who engage in current dual use have cigarette smoking behaviors and intentions for future cigarette smoking that more closely resemble cigarette smokers than e-cigarette users. Adolescents who only use e-cigarettes have higher intentions to engage in future cigarette smoking relative to their peers who do not engage in e-cigarette use or cigarette smoking. SN - 1096-0260 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28257785/Smoking_behaviors_and_intentions_among_current_e_cigarette_users_cigarette_smokers_and_dual_users:_A_national_survey_of_U_S__high_school_seniors_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -