Specificity of FPL 57231 for leukotriene D4 receptors in fetal pulmonary circulation.Am J Physiol. 1988 Jan; 254(1 Pt 2):H120-5.AJ
The effects of leukotriene D4 and the putative leukotriene receptor antagonist FPL 57231 were studied on the pulmonary circulation of alpha-chloralose-anesthetized fetal lambs close to term. At constant pulmonary inflow leukotriene D4 (LTD4, 0.1-10 micrograms), as bolus injections, caused dose-dependent increases in pulmonary vascular resistance. FPL 57231 (1.0-10 mg/kg) not only blocked the pressor responses to LTD4 but also lowered the normal pulmonary vascular resistance in a dose-dependent fashion. However, FPL 57231 also decreased the pulmonary pressor response to U 46619, a thromboxane A2 mimic, as well as the pressor response to phenylephrine HCl. Furthermore, the pressor responses to LTD4 were markedly reduced by cyclooxygenase inhibition. In preliminary experiments we demonstrated that the phenidone derivative, BW755C, which is a dual inhibitor of both cyclooxygenase and 5-lipoxygenase enzymes, did not block the pressor response to hypoxia. We conclude that FPL 57231 decreases fetal pulmonary vascular resistance by nonspecific mechanisms. Also the action of LTD4, is indirect and by way of the cyclooxygenase system. Although exogenous leukotrienes are able to produce a marked pulmonary pressor response, endogenous leukotrienes are probably not responsible for the hypoxic pulmonary pressor response of the fetal lung or its normally high pulmonary vascular resistance.