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Prevalence and determinants of post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety and depression symptoms in street children survivors of the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, four years after.
Child Abuse Negl. 2017 05; 67:174-181.CA

Abstract

Working with street children and adolescents who lived through the 2010 earthquake in Port-au-Prince, this paper aims to assess the prevalence of symptoms of PTSD, anxiety and depression in relation to peritraumatic distress, and age, and to explore other risk factors and socio-demographic characteristics, four years after the events. Between March and June 2014, with a sample of 128 children and adolescents (120 boys and 8 girls) aged between 7 and 18, of an average age of 13.88 (SD=2.15), all living on the streets of Port-au-Prince, we used the following scales: the Trauma Exposure (TE), the Life Events Subscale of the CAPS; the Peritraumatic Distress Inventory (PDI); the Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale (CRIES-13) and the Children Depression Inventory (CDI); (BAI). Our study reveals a high prevalence of PTSD, depression and anxiety among street children. It also demonstrates that this prevalence is lower than that of several other groups of children who were also victims of the 2010 earthquake in Port-au-Prince. Children living in the streets for economic reasons presented a lower prevalence of symptoms of PTSD, anxiety and depression than those who were on the streets as a result of psychological or physical abuse within their own families, in adoptive families or in children's homes. This study demonstrates the importance of care provision for these children in terms of helping them develop coping and resilience strategies. It also stresses the importance of providing them with nonviolent living environments and opportunities to facilitate their return to normality.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Université de Bourgogne Franche-Comté, France. Electronic address: daniel.derivois@u-bourgogne.fr.Department of Sexology, Université du Québec à Montréal, Québec, Canada.Department of Psychology, Université Paris 13, France.Department of Clinical Psychology, Aix-Marseille Université, France.Department of Psychology, Université de Bourgogne Franche-Comté, France.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28279864

Citation

Derivois, Daniel, et al. "Prevalence and Determinants of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, Anxiety and Depression Symptoms in Street Children Survivors of the 2010 Earthquake in Haiti, Four Years After." Child Abuse & Neglect, vol. 67, 2017, pp. 174-181.
Derivois D, Cénat JM, Joseph NE, et al. Prevalence and determinants of post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety and depression symptoms in street children survivors of the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, four years after. Child Abuse Negl. 2017;67:174-181.
Derivois, D., Cénat, J. M., Joseph, N. E., Karray, A., & Chahraoui, K. (2017). Prevalence and determinants of post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety and depression symptoms in street children survivors of the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, four years after. Child Abuse & Neglect, 67, 174-181. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2017.02.034
Derivois D, et al. Prevalence and Determinants of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, Anxiety and Depression Symptoms in Street Children Survivors of the 2010 Earthquake in Haiti, Four Years After. Child Abuse Negl. 2017;67:174-181. PubMed PMID: 28279864.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence and determinants of post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety and depression symptoms in street children survivors of the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, four years after. AU - Derivois,Daniel, AU - Cénat,Jude Mary, AU - Joseph,Nephtalie Eva, AU - Karray,Amira, AU - Chahraoui,Khadija, PY - 2016/04/20/received PY - 2017/02/10/revised PY - 2017/02/26/accepted PY - 2017/3/11/pubmed PY - 2018/8/15/medline PY - 2017/3/11/entrez KW - Earthquake KW - Haiti KW - Street children KW - Trauma SP - 174 EP - 181 JF - Child abuse & neglect JO - Child Abuse Negl VL - 67 N2 - Working with street children and adolescents who lived through the 2010 earthquake in Port-au-Prince, this paper aims to assess the prevalence of symptoms of PTSD, anxiety and depression in relation to peritraumatic distress, and age, and to explore other risk factors and socio-demographic characteristics, four years after the events. Between March and June 2014, with a sample of 128 children and adolescents (120 boys and 8 girls) aged between 7 and 18, of an average age of 13.88 (SD=2.15), all living on the streets of Port-au-Prince, we used the following scales: the Trauma Exposure (TE), the Life Events Subscale of the CAPS; the Peritraumatic Distress Inventory (PDI); the Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale (CRIES-13) and the Children Depression Inventory (CDI); (BAI). Our study reveals a high prevalence of PTSD, depression and anxiety among street children. It also demonstrates that this prevalence is lower than that of several other groups of children who were also victims of the 2010 earthquake in Port-au-Prince. Children living in the streets for economic reasons presented a lower prevalence of symptoms of PTSD, anxiety and depression than those who were on the streets as a result of psychological or physical abuse within their own families, in adoptive families or in children's homes. This study demonstrates the importance of care provision for these children in terms of helping them develop coping and resilience strategies. It also stresses the importance of providing them with nonviolent living environments and opportunities to facilitate their return to normality. SN - 1873-7757 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28279864/Prevalence_and_determinants_of_post_traumatic_stress_disorder_anxiety_and_depression_symptoms_in_street_children_survivors_of_the_2010_earthquake_in_Haiti_four_years_after_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0145-2134(17)30082-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -