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Recent Advancements in Flexible and Stretchable Electrodes for Electromechanical Sensors: Strategies, Materials, and Features.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2017; 9(14):12147-12164AA

Abstract

Stretchable and flexible sensors attached onto the surface of the human body can perceive external stimuli, thus attracting extensive attention due to their lightweight, low modulus, low cost, high flexibility, and stretchability. Recently, a myriad of efforts have been devoted to improving the performance and functionality of wearable sensors. Herein, this review focuses on recent remarkable advancements in the development of flexible and stretchable sensors. Multifunction of these wearable sensors is realized by incorporating some desired features (e.g., self-healing, self-powering, linearity, and printing). Next, focusing on the characteristics of carbon nanomaterials, nanostructured metal, conductive polymer, or their hybrid composites, two major strategies (e.g., materials that stretch and structures that stretch) and diverse design approaches have been developed to achieve highly flexible and stretchable electrodes. Strain sensing performances of recently reported sensors indicate that the appropriate choice of geometric engineering as well as intrinsically stretchable materials is essential for high-performance strain sensing. Finally, some important directions and challenges of a fully sensor-integrated wearable platform are proposed to realize their potential applications for human motion monitoring and human-machine interfaces.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Material Science and Engineering, University of Jinan , Jinan 250022, Shandong, China.Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Materials for High Density Electronic Packaging, Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences , Shenzhen 518055, China.School of Material Science and Engineering, University of Jinan , Jinan 250022, Shandong, China.Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Materials for High Density Electronic Packaging, Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences , Shenzhen 518055, China.School of Material Science and Engineering, University of Jinan , Jinan 250022, Shandong, China.School of Material Science and Engineering, University of Jinan , Jinan 250022, Shandong, China.School of Material Science and Engineering, University of Jinan , Jinan 250022, Shandong, China.National Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on Micro/Nano Fabrication and Institute of Microelectronics, Peking University , Beijing 100871, China.Shenzhen Graduate School, Peking University , Shenzhen 518055, China.Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Materials for High Density Electronic Packaging, Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences , Shenzhen 518055, China.School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology , 771 Ferst Drive, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, United States.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28281337

Citation

Zhao, Songfang, et al. "Recent Advancements in Flexible and Stretchable Electrodes for Electromechanical Sensors: Strategies, Materials, and Features." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 9, no. 14, 2017, pp. 12147-12164.
Zhao S, Li J, Cao D, et al. Recent Advancements in Flexible and Stretchable Electrodes for Electromechanical Sensors: Strategies, Materials, and Features. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2017;9(14):12147-12164.
Zhao, S., Li, J., Cao, D., Zhang, G., Li, J., Li, K., ... Wong, C. P. (2017). Recent Advancements in Flexible and Stretchable Electrodes for Electromechanical Sensors: Strategies, Materials, and Features. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 9(14), pp. 12147-12164. doi:10.1021/acsami.6b13800.
Zhao S, et al. Recent Advancements in Flexible and Stretchable Electrodes for Electromechanical Sensors: Strategies, Materials, and Features. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2017 Apr 12;9(14):12147-12164. PubMed PMID: 28281337.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Recent Advancements in Flexible and Stretchable Electrodes for Electromechanical Sensors: Strategies, Materials, and Features. AU - Zhao,Songfang, AU - Li,Jinhui, AU - Cao,Duxia, AU - Zhang,Guoping, AU - Li,Jia, AU - Li,Kui, AU - Yang,Yang, AU - Wang,Wei, AU - Jin,Yufeng, AU - Sun,Rong, AU - Wong,Ching-Ping, Y1 - 2017/03/30/ PY - 2017/3/11/pubmed PY - 2017/3/11/medline PY - 2017/3/11/entrez KW - conductive network KW - desirable feature KW - flexible and stretchable electrodes KW - sensing mechanism KW - wearable sensor SP - 12147 EP - 12164 JF - ACS applied materials & interfaces JO - ACS Appl Mater Interfaces VL - 9 IS - 14 N2 - Stretchable and flexible sensors attached onto the surface of the human body can perceive external stimuli, thus attracting extensive attention due to their lightweight, low modulus, low cost, high flexibility, and stretchability. Recently, a myriad of efforts have been devoted to improving the performance and functionality of wearable sensors. Herein, this review focuses on recent remarkable advancements in the development of flexible and stretchable sensors. Multifunction of these wearable sensors is realized by incorporating some desired features (e.g., self-healing, self-powering, linearity, and printing). Next, focusing on the characteristics of carbon nanomaterials, nanostructured metal, conductive polymer, or their hybrid composites, two major strategies (e.g., materials that stretch and structures that stretch) and diverse design approaches have been developed to achieve highly flexible and stretchable electrodes. Strain sensing performances of recently reported sensors indicate that the appropriate choice of geometric engineering as well as intrinsically stretchable materials is essential for high-performance strain sensing. Finally, some important directions and challenges of a fully sensor-integrated wearable platform are proposed to realize their potential applications for human motion monitoring and human-machine interfaces. SN - 1944-8252 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28281337/Recent_Advancements_in_Flexible_and_Stretchable_Electrodes_for_Electromechanical_Sensors:_Strategies_Materials_and_Features_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.6b13800 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -