Rapidly progressing facial leishmaniasis: effective treatment with liposomal amphotericin B and a review of the management of Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis.Paediatr Int Child Health. 2018 05; 38(2):158-161.PI
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), a common condition in many parts of the world, is being increasingly encountered in non-endemic countries secondary to immigration. The clinical manifestations and course can vary substantially, with appropriate management ranging from observation for self-healing lesions to urgent treatment to prevent damaging anatomical and cosmetic sequelae. While there are now several effective medications, optimal therapy is not well defined, and decision-making can be challenged by the location of lesions and various drug issues, including availability, mode of delivery and adverse effects. A 7-year-old Afghani boy who presented shortly after arriving in the United States with a rapidly progressing crusting and ulcerative facial rash caused by Leishmania tropica is described. The various drugs currently available for CL and experience of using liposomal amphotericin B specifically are reviewed.