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Associations between dietary intakes of iron, copper and zinc with risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: A large population-based prospective cohort study.
Clin Nutr. 2018 04; 37(2):667-674.CN

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS

Abnormal homeostasis of iron, copper and zinc has been included in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the evidence of associations between dietary intakes of these elements and T2DM is limited. We thought to examine the association between dietary intakes of iron, copper and zinc with risk of T2DM in Japanese population.

METHODS

A prospective study encompassing 16,160 healthy Japanese men and women aged 40-65 years in whom the associations between dietary intakes of iron, copper and zinc, determined by a validated self-administered food frequency questionnaire, with risk of 5-year cumulative incidence of validated physician-diagnosed T2DM, were evaluated by logistic regression model.

RESULTS

We ascertained 396 self-reported new cases of diabetes within 5-year period. Dietary intakes of iron (total and nonheme but not heme iron) and copper were positively associated with risk of T2DM; the multivariable OR in the highest versus lowest quartiles of intakes were 1.32 (1.04, 1.70; P-trend = 0.03) and 1.55 (1.13, 2.02; P-trend = 0.003), respectively. These associations were more evident in the high risk group; older, overweight, smokers and those with family history of diabetes. The dietary intake of zinc was inversely associated with risk of T2DM; the multivariable OR was 0.64 (0.54, 1.00; P-trend = 0.003), and such association was evident among younger subjects (age 40-55 years) only.

CONCLUSIONS

Dietary intakes of iron and copper were associated with a higher risk, while dietary intake of zinc was associated with a reduced risk of T2DM in Japanese population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Public Health, Department of Social Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan; Public Health and Community Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Minia, Egypt.Public Health, Department of Social Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan. Electronic address: iso@pbhel.med.osaka-u.ac.jp.Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Medicine, Juntendo University, Tokyo, Japan.Department of Cardiovascular Disease Prevention, Osaka Center for Cancer and Cardiovascular Disease Prevention, Osaka, Japan.Public Health, Department of Social Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University, Japan.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28285974

Citation

Eshak, Ehab S., et al. "Associations Between Dietary Intakes of Iron, Copper and Zinc With Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: a Large Population-based Prospective Cohort Study." Clinical Nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland), vol. 37, no. 2, 2018, pp. 667-674.
Eshak ES, Iso H, Maruyama K, et al. Associations between dietary intakes of iron, copper and zinc with risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: A large population-based prospective cohort study. Clin Nutr. 2018;37(2):667-674.
Eshak, E. S., Iso, H., Maruyama, K., Muraki, I., & Tamakoshi, A. (2018). Associations between dietary intakes of iron, copper and zinc with risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: A large population-based prospective cohort study. Clinical Nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland), 37(2), 667-674. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2017.02.010
Eshak ES, et al. Associations Between Dietary Intakes of Iron, Copper and Zinc With Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: a Large Population-based Prospective Cohort Study. Clin Nutr. 2018;37(2):667-674. PubMed PMID: 28285974.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Associations between dietary intakes of iron, copper and zinc with risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: A large population-based prospective cohort study. AU - Eshak,Ehab S, AU - Iso,Hiroyasu, AU - Maruyama,Koutatsu, AU - Muraki,Isao, AU - Tamakoshi,Akiko, Y1 - 2017/02/28/ PY - 2016/10/04/received PY - 2017/02/08/revised PY - 2017/02/10/accepted PY - 2017/3/14/pubmed PY - 2019/9/11/medline PY - 2017/3/14/entrez KW - Cohort study KW - Copper KW - Iron KW - Japanese KW - Type 2 diabetes mellitus KW - Zinc SP - 667 EP - 674 JF - Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland) JO - Clin Nutr VL - 37 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND & AIMS: Abnormal homeostasis of iron, copper and zinc has been included in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the evidence of associations between dietary intakes of these elements and T2DM is limited. We thought to examine the association between dietary intakes of iron, copper and zinc with risk of T2DM in Japanese population. METHODS: A prospective study encompassing 16,160 healthy Japanese men and women aged 40-65 years in whom the associations between dietary intakes of iron, copper and zinc, determined by a validated self-administered food frequency questionnaire, with risk of 5-year cumulative incidence of validated physician-diagnosed T2DM, were evaluated by logistic regression model. RESULTS: We ascertained 396 self-reported new cases of diabetes within 5-year period. Dietary intakes of iron (total and nonheme but not heme iron) and copper were positively associated with risk of T2DM; the multivariable OR in the highest versus lowest quartiles of intakes were 1.32 (1.04, 1.70; P-trend = 0.03) and 1.55 (1.13, 2.02; P-trend = 0.003), respectively. These associations were more evident in the high risk group; older, overweight, smokers and those with family history of diabetes. The dietary intake of zinc was inversely associated with risk of T2DM; the multivariable OR was 0.64 (0.54, 1.00; P-trend = 0.003), and such association was evident among younger subjects (age 40-55 years) only. CONCLUSIONS: Dietary intakes of iron and copper were associated with a higher risk, while dietary intake of zinc was associated with a reduced risk of T2DM in Japanese population. SN - 1532-1983 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28285974/Associations_between_dietary_intakes_of_iron_copper_and_zinc_with_risk_of_type_2_diabetes_mellitus:_A_large_population_based_prospective_cohort_study_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0261-5614(17)30060-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -