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Knowledge and Practice Regarding Dengue and Chikungunya: a cross sectional study among Healthcare Workers and Community in Northern Tanzania.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To investigate knowledge and prevention practices regarding dengue and chikungunya amongst community members, as well as knowledge, treatment and diagnostic practices among healthcare workers.

METHOD

We conducted a cross-sectional survey with 125 community members and 125 healthcare workers from 13 health facilities in six villages in the Hai district of Tanzania. A knowledge score was generated based on participant responses to a structured questionnaire, with a score of 40 or higher (out of 80 and 50 total scores for community members and healthcare workers, respectively) indicating good knowledge. We conducted qualitative survey (n=40) to further assess knowledge and practice regarding dengue and chikungunya fever.

RESULTS

15.2% (n=19) of community members had good knowledge regarding dengue, whereas 53.6%, (n=67) of healthcare workers did. 20.3% (n=16) of participants from lowland areas and 6.5% (n=3) from highland areas had good knowledge of dengue (χ(2) = 4.25, p=0.03). Only 2.4% (n=3) of all participants had a good knowledge score for chikungunya. In the qualitative study, community members expressed uncertainty about dengue and chikungunya. Some healthcare workers thought that they were new diseases.

CONCLUSION

There is insufficient knowledge regarding dengue and chikungunya fever among community members and healthcare workers. Health promotion activities on these diseases based on Ecological Health Mode components to increase knowledge and improve preventive practices should be developed. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

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    Faculty of Medicine, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, Moshi, Tanzania.

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    HealthBridge, Ottawa, Canada.

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    Faculty of Medicine, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, Moshi, Tanzania.

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    Faculty of Medicine, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, Moshi, Tanzania. Institute of Rural Development Planning, Dodoma, Tanzania.

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    Centre for Medical Parasitology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

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    Faculty of Medicine, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, Moshi, Tanzania.

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    Faculty of Medicine, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, Moshi, Tanzania.

    School of Epidemiology, Public Health & Preventive Medicine, University of Ottawa, Canada.

    Source

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    28294472