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A concise review of Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT) and the importance of iodine, selenium, vitamin D and gluten on the autoimmunity and dietary management of HT patients.Points that need more investigation.

Abstract

Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) is a chronic autoimmune thyroid disease caused by an interaction between genetic factors and environmental conditions, both of which are yet to be fully understood. The management of HT depends on its clinical manifestations, commonly including diffuse or nodular goiter with euthyroidism, subclinical hypothyroidism and permanent hypothyroidism. However, in most cases of patients with HT, lifelong levothyroxine substitution is required. The additional role of diet for the management of HT is usually overlooked. A literature search regarding the importance and the influence of iodine, selenium, vitamin D and gluten on HT was conducted. In HT careful supplementation of possible deficiencies is recommended for the dietary management of these patients. The use of a diet low in gluten among HT patients with or without celiac disease (CD) is discussed.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Internal Medicine, Naval Hospital of Crete, Chania, Greece. emazokopakis@yahoo.gr.

    Source

    MeSH

    Combined Modality Therapy
    Diet Therapy
    Diet, Gluten-Free
    Dietary Supplements
    Evidence-Based Medicine
    Glutens
    Hashimoto Disease
    Humans
    Iodine
    Selenium
    Treatment Outcome
    Vitamin D

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    28315909

    Citation

    Liontiris, Michael I., and Elias E. Mazokopakis. "A Concise Review of Hashimoto Thyroiditis (HT) and the Importance of Iodine, Selenium, Vitamin D and Gluten On the Autoimmunity and Dietary Management of HT patients.Points That Need More Investigation." Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine, vol. 20, no. 1, 2017, pp. 51-56.
    Liontiris MI, Mazokopakis EE. A concise review of Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT) and the importance of iodine, selenium, vitamin D and gluten on the autoimmunity and dietary management of HT patients.Points that need more investigation. Hell J Nucl Med. 2017;20(1):51-56.
    Liontiris, M. I., & Mazokopakis, E. E. (2017). A concise review of Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT) and the importance of iodine, selenium, vitamin D and gluten on the autoimmunity and dietary management of HT patients.Points that need more investigation. Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 20(1), pp. 51-56. doi:10.1967/s002449910507.
    Liontiris MI, Mazokopakis EE. A Concise Review of Hashimoto Thyroiditis (HT) and the Importance of Iodine, Selenium, Vitamin D and Gluten On the Autoimmunity and Dietary Management of HT patients.Points That Need More Investigation. Hell J Nucl Med. 2017;20(1):51-56. PubMed PMID: 28315909.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - A concise review of Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT) and the importance of iodine, selenium, vitamin D and gluten on the autoimmunity and dietary management of HT patients.Points that need more investigation. AU - Liontiris,Michael I, AU - Mazokopakis,Elias E, Y1 - 2017/03/20/ PY - 2017/01/10/received PY - 2017/02/27/accepted PY - 2017/3/21/pubmed PY - 2017/6/20/medline PY - 2017/3/20/entrez SP - 51 EP - 56 JF - Hellenic journal of nuclear medicine JO - Hell J Nucl Med VL - 20 IS - 1 N2 - Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) is a chronic autoimmune thyroid disease caused by an interaction between genetic factors and environmental conditions, both of which are yet to be fully understood. The management of HT depends on its clinical manifestations, commonly including diffuse or nodular goiter with euthyroidism, subclinical hypothyroidism and permanent hypothyroidism. However, in most cases of patients with HT, lifelong levothyroxine substitution is required. The additional role of diet for the management of HT is usually overlooked. A literature search regarding the importance and the influence of iodine, selenium, vitamin D and gluten on HT was conducted. In HT careful supplementation of possible deficiencies is recommended for the dietary management of these patients. The use of a diet low in gluten among HT patients with or without celiac disease (CD) is discussed. SN - 1790-5427 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28315909/A_concise_review_of_Hashimoto_thyroiditis__HT__and_the_importance_of_iodine_selenium_vitamin_D_and_gluten_on_the_autoimmunity_and_dietary_management_of_HT_patients_Points_that_need_more_investigation_ L2 - http://www.nuclmed.gr/wp/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/10.pdf DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -