Serum Level of Zinc and Copper in Sudanese Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome.Biol Trace Elem Res 2017; 180(1):23-27BT
The study aimed to evaluate the serum level of zinc and copper in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). A case-control study was conducted at Saad Abualila infertility center (Khartoum, Sudan). The cases were women who had a PCOS based on Rotterdam criteria. The controls were infertile women with no evidence of PCOS. The socio-demographic characteristics and medical history data were gathered using questionnaires. Zinc and copper levels were measured using atomic absorption spectrophotometer. While there was no difference in zinc and copper levels between the two groups (50 women in each arm), mean (SD) of body mass index (BMI) was significantly higher in women with PCOS compared to the controls [28.4 (4.2) vs. 25.6 (5.7) kg/m2; P = 0.006], respectively. There were no significant differences in the level of luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), LH/FSH, prolactin, testosterone, cholesterol, triglycerides and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) between the cases and the controls. In linear regression analyses, none of the investigated factors were associated with PCOS. Zinc and copper were not associated with PCOS in this setting.