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Cross-sectional analysis of eating patterns and snacking in the US Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study 2008.
Public Health Nutr. 2017 Jun; 20(9):1584-1592.PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To explore eating patterns and snacking among US infants, toddlers and pre-school children.

DESIGN

The Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study (FITS) 2008 was a cross-sectional national survey of children aged 6-47 months, weighted to reflect US age and racial/ethnic distributions. Dietary data were collected using one multiple-pass 24h recall. Eating occasions were categorized as meals, snacks or other (comprised of all feedings of breast milk and/or infant formula). The percentage of children consuming meals and snacks and their contribution to total energy, the number of snacks consumed per day, energy and nutrients coming from snacks and the most commonly consumed snacks were evaluated by age.

SETTING

A national sample of US infants, toddlers and pre-school children.

SUBJECTS

A total of 2891 children in five age groups: 6-8 months (n 249), 9-11 months (n 256), 12-23 months (n 925), 24-35 months (n 736) and 36-47 months (n 725).

RESULTS

Snacks were already consumed by 37 % of infants beginning at 6 months; by 12 months of age, nearly 95 % were consuming at least one snack per day. Snacks provided 25 % of daily energy from the age of 12 months. Approximately 40 % of toddlers and pre-school children consumed fruit and cow's milk during snacks; about 25 % consumed 100 % fruit juice. Cookies were introduced early; by 24 months, 57 % consumed cookies or candy in a given day.

CONCLUSIONS

Snacking is common, contributing significantly to daily energy and nutrient needs of toddlers and pre-school children. There is room for improvement, however, with many popular snacking choices contributing to excess sugar.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1Nestlé Nutrition Global R&D,Florham Park,NJ,USA.1Nestlé Nutrition Global R&D,Florham Park,NJ,USA.2Mathematica Policy Research,Washington,DC,USA.2Mathematica Policy Research,Washington,DC,USA.3Nestlé Research Center,Public Health Nutrition,Route du Jorat 57,PO Box 44,Vers-chez-les-Blanc,1000 Lausanne-26,Switzerland.3Nestlé Research Center,Public Health Nutrition,Route du Jorat 57,PO Box 44,Vers-chez-les-Blanc,1000 Lausanne-26,Switzerland.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28318482

Citation

Deming, Denise M., et al. "Cross-sectional Analysis of Eating Patterns and Snacking in the US Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study 2008." Public Health Nutrition, vol. 20, no. 9, 2017, pp. 1584-1592.
Deming DM, Reidy KC, Fox MK, et al. Cross-sectional analysis of eating patterns and snacking in the US Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study 2008. Public Health Nutr. 2017;20(9):1584-1592.
Deming, D. M., Reidy, K. C., Fox, M. K., Briefel, R. R., Jacquier, E., & Eldridge, A. L. (2017). Cross-sectional analysis of eating patterns and snacking in the US Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study 2008. Public Health Nutrition, 20(9), 1584-1592. https://doi.org/10.1017/S136898001700043X
Deming DM, et al. Cross-sectional Analysis of Eating Patterns and Snacking in the US Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study 2008. Public Health Nutr. 2017;20(9):1584-1592. PubMed PMID: 28318482.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cross-sectional analysis of eating patterns and snacking in the US Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study 2008. AU - Deming,Denise M, AU - Reidy,Kathleen C, AU - Fox,Mary Kay, AU - Briefel,Ronette R, AU - Jacquier,Emma, AU - Eldridge,Alison L, Y1 - 2017/03/20/ PY - 2017/3/21/pubmed PY - 2018/4/17/medline PY - 2017/3/21/entrez KW - Eating patterns KW - Infants KW - Pre-school children KW - Snacking SP - 1584 EP - 1592 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 20 IS - 9 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To explore eating patterns and snacking among US infants, toddlers and pre-school children. DESIGN: The Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study (FITS) 2008 was a cross-sectional national survey of children aged 6-47 months, weighted to reflect US age and racial/ethnic distributions. Dietary data were collected using one multiple-pass 24h recall. Eating occasions were categorized as meals, snacks or other (comprised of all feedings of breast milk and/or infant formula). The percentage of children consuming meals and snacks and their contribution to total energy, the number of snacks consumed per day, energy and nutrients coming from snacks and the most commonly consumed snacks were evaluated by age. SETTING: A national sample of US infants, toddlers and pre-school children. SUBJECTS: A total of 2891 children in five age groups: 6-8 months (n 249), 9-11 months (n 256), 12-23 months (n 925), 24-35 months (n 736) and 36-47 months (n 725). RESULTS: Snacks were already consumed by 37 % of infants beginning at 6 months; by 12 months of age, nearly 95 % were consuming at least one snack per day. Snacks provided 25 % of daily energy from the age of 12 months. Approximately 40 % of toddlers and pre-school children consumed fruit and cow's milk during snacks; about 25 % consumed 100 % fruit juice. Cookies were introduced early; by 24 months, 57 % consumed cookies or candy in a given day. CONCLUSIONS: Snacking is common, contributing significantly to daily energy and nutrient needs of toddlers and pre-school children. There is room for improvement, however, with many popular snacking choices contributing to excess sugar. SN - 1475-2727 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28318482/Cross_sectional_analysis_of_eating_patterns_and_snacking_in_the_US_Feeding_Infants_and_Toddlers_Study_2008_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S136898001700043X/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -