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Friends' Alcohol-Related Social Networking Site Activity Predicts Escalations in Adolescent Drinking: Mediation by Peer Norms.
J Adolesc Health. 2017 Jun; 60(6):641-647.JA

Abstract

PURPOSE

Adolescents' increased use of social networking sites (SNS) coincides with a developmental period of heightened risk for alcohol use initiation. However, little is known regarding associations between adolescents' SNS use and drinking initiation nor the mechanisms of this association. This study examined longitudinal associations among adolescents' exposure to friends' alcohol-related SNS postings, alcohol-favorable peer injunctive norms, and initiation of drinking behaviors.

METHODS

Participants were 658 high-school students who reported on posting of alcohol-related SNS content by self and friends, alcohol-related injunctive norms, and other developmental risk factors for alcohol use at two time points, 1 year apart. Participants also reported on initiation of three drinking behaviors: consuming a full drink, becoming drunk, and heavy episodic drinking (three or more drinks per occasion). Probit regression analyses were used to predict initiation of drinking behaviors from exposure to alcohol-related SNS content. Path analyses examined mediation of this association by peer injunctive norms.

RESULTS

Exposure to friends' alcohol-related SNS content predicted adolescents' initiation of drinking and heavy episodic drinking 1 year later, controlling for demographic and known developmental risk factors for alcohol use (i.e., parental monitoring and peer orientation). In addition, alcohol-favorable peer injunctive norms statistically mediated the relationship between alcohol-related SNS exposure and each drinking milestone.

CONCLUSIONS

Results suggest that social media plays a unique role in contributing to peer influence processes surrounding alcohol use and highlight the need for future investigative and preventive efforts to account for adolescents' changing social environments.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. Electronic address: nesi@email.unc.edu.Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.Department of Behavioral and Social Sciences, Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, Rhode Island.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28325545

Citation

Nesi, Jacqueline, et al. "Friends' Alcohol-Related Social Networking Site Activity Predicts Escalations in Adolescent Drinking: Mediation By Peer Norms." The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, vol. 60, no. 6, 2017, pp. 641-647.
Nesi J, Rothenberg WA, Hussong AM, et al. Friends' Alcohol-Related Social Networking Site Activity Predicts Escalations in Adolescent Drinking: Mediation by Peer Norms. J Adolesc Health. 2017;60(6):641-647.
Nesi, J., Rothenberg, W. A., Hussong, A. M., & Jackson, K. M. (2017). Friends' Alcohol-Related Social Networking Site Activity Predicts Escalations in Adolescent Drinking: Mediation by Peer Norms. The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 60(6), 641-647. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2017.01.009
Nesi J, et al. Friends' Alcohol-Related Social Networking Site Activity Predicts Escalations in Adolescent Drinking: Mediation By Peer Norms. J Adolesc Health. 2017;60(6):641-647. PubMed PMID: 28325545.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Friends' Alcohol-Related Social Networking Site Activity Predicts Escalations in Adolescent Drinking: Mediation by Peer Norms. AU - Nesi,Jacqueline, AU - Rothenberg,W Andrew, AU - Hussong,Andrea M, AU - Jackson,Kristina M, Y1 - 2017/03/18/ PY - 2016/09/09/received PY - 2016/12/07/revised PY - 2017/01/13/accepted PY - 2017/3/23/pubmed PY - 2018/4/25/medline PY - 2017/3/23/entrez KW - Adolescent KW - Alcohol KW - Drinking KW - Initiation KW - Internet KW - Onset KW - Peer influence KW - Peer norms KW - Social media KW - Social networking sites SP - 641 EP - 647 JF - The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine JO - J Adolesc Health VL - 60 IS - 6 N2 - PURPOSE: Adolescents' increased use of social networking sites (SNS) coincides with a developmental period of heightened risk for alcohol use initiation. However, little is known regarding associations between adolescents' SNS use and drinking initiation nor the mechanisms of this association. This study examined longitudinal associations among adolescents' exposure to friends' alcohol-related SNS postings, alcohol-favorable peer injunctive norms, and initiation of drinking behaviors. METHODS: Participants were 658 high-school students who reported on posting of alcohol-related SNS content by self and friends, alcohol-related injunctive norms, and other developmental risk factors for alcohol use at two time points, 1 year apart. Participants also reported on initiation of three drinking behaviors: consuming a full drink, becoming drunk, and heavy episodic drinking (three or more drinks per occasion). Probit regression analyses were used to predict initiation of drinking behaviors from exposure to alcohol-related SNS content. Path analyses examined mediation of this association by peer injunctive norms. RESULTS: Exposure to friends' alcohol-related SNS content predicted adolescents' initiation of drinking and heavy episodic drinking 1 year later, controlling for demographic and known developmental risk factors for alcohol use (i.e., parental monitoring and peer orientation). In addition, alcohol-favorable peer injunctive norms statistically mediated the relationship between alcohol-related SNS exposure and each drinking milestone. CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that social media plays a unique role in contributing to peer influence processes surrounding alcohol use and highlight the need for future investigative and preventive efforts to account for adolescents' changing social environments. SN - 1879-1972 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28325545/Friends'_Alcohol_Related_Social_Networking_Site_Activity_Predicts_Escalations_in_Adolescent_Drinking:_Mediation_by_Peer_Norms_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1054-139X(17)30052-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -