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Association of Candida Species Isolated From the Dental Plaque of HIV-infected Children and Prevalence of Early Carious Lesions.
J Dent Child (Chic). 2016 Sep 15; 83(3):139-145.JD

Abstract

PURPOSE

The purposes of this study were to: (1) quantify and identify Candida species (spp.) in the dental plaque of children infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and compare with noninfected children; and (2) determine the association of Candida spp. with the presence of caries.

METHODS

Seventy HIV-infected and 55 non-HIV-infected three- to 12-year-old children were examined to determine caries prevalence. After a visual inspection, supragingival plaque was collected from the cervical region using standard dental curettes. The material was transferred to microtubes and submitted for analysis to identify and quantify the presence of Candida spp.

RESULTS

Candida spp. were more prevalent in the HIV-infected group (72.9 percent) than in the control group (20 percent), and the most prevalent specie was Candida albicans. Caries was found in 72.9 percent of the HIV-infected group and in 58.2 percent of the control group, but a significant difference was only found in the presence of active white spot lesions between the groups.

CONCLUSIONS

The dental plaque of HIV-infected children was colonized by Candida species to a much greater extent than that of non-HIV-infected children, and this colonization was significantly associated with the prevalence of early carious lesions in enamel.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.Department of Cariology, School of Dentistry, Universidade de Brasilia, Brasilia, Distrito Federal, Brazil.Institute of Microbiology, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.Department of Clinics and Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niteroi, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. gfbacastro@yahoo.com.br.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28327264

Citation

Rosa Oliveira, Cristiana Aroeira, et al. "Association of Candida Species Isolated From the Dental Plaque of HIV-infected Children and Prevalence of Early Carious Lesions." Journal of Dentistry for Children (Chicago, Ill.), vol. 83, no. 3, 2016, pp. 139-145.
Rosa Oliveira CA, Charone S, de Araújo Soares RM, et al. Association of Candida Species Isolated From the Dental Plaque of HIV-infected Children and Prevalence of Early Carious Lesions. J Dent Child (Chic). 2016;83(3):139-145.
Rosa Oliveira, C. A., Charone, S., de Araújo Soares, R. M., Portela, M. B., & de Aráujo Castro, G. F. (2016). Association of Candida Species Isolated From the Dental Plaque of HIV-infected Children and Prevalence of Early Carious Lesions. Journal of Dentistry for Children (Chicago, Ill.), 83(3), 139-145.
Rosa Oliveira CA, et al. Association of Candida Species Isolated From the Dental Plaque of HIV-infected Children and Prevalence of Early Carious Lesions. J Dent Child (Chic). 2016 Sep 15;83(3):139-145. PubMed PMID: 28327264.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Association of Candida Species Isolated From the Dental Plaque of HIV-infected Children and Prevalence of Early Carious Lesions. AU - Rosa Oliveira,Cristiana Aroeira, AU - Charone,Senda, AU - de Araújo Soares,Rosangela Maria, AU - Portela,Maristela Barbosa, AU - de Aráujo Castro,Gloria Fernanda Barbosa, PY - 2017/3/23/entrez PY - 2016/1/1/pubmed PY - 2018/2/6/medline SP - 139 EP - 145 JF - Journal of dentistry for children (Chicago, Ill.) JO - J Dent Child (Chic) VL - 83 IS - 3 N2 - PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to: (1) quantify and identify Candida species (spp.) in the dental plaque of children infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and compare with noninfected children; and (2) determine the association of Candida spp. with the presence of caries. METHODS: Seventy HIV-infected and 55 non-HIV-infected three- to 12-year-old children were examined to determine caries prevalence. After a visual inspection, supragingival plaque was collected from the cervical region using standard dental curettes. The material was transferred to microtubes and submitted for analysis to identify and quantify the presence of Candida spp. RESULTS: Candida spp. were more prevalent in the HIV-infected group (72.9 percent) than in the control group (20 percent), and the most prevalent specie was Candida albicans. Caries was found in 72.9 percent of the HIV-infected group and in 58.2 percent of the control group, but a significant difference was only found in the presence of active white spot lesions between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: The dental plaque of HIV-infected children was colonized by Candida species to a much greater extent than that of non-HIV-infected children, and this colonization was significantly associated with the prevalence of early carious lesions in enamel. SN - 1935-5068 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28327264/Association_of_Candida_Species_Isolated_From_the_Dental_Plaque_of_HIV_infected_Children_and_Prevalence_of_Early_Carious_Lesions_ L2 - https://www.ingentaconnect.com/openurl?genre=article&issn=1935-5068&volume=83&issue=3&spage=139&aulast=Rosa Oliveira DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -