Adding fast-acting insulin aspart to basal insulin significantly improved glycaemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes: A randomized, 18-week, open-label, phase 3 trial (onset 3).Diabetes Obes Metab. 2017 10; 19(10):1389-1396.DO
To confirm glycaemic control superiority of mealtime fast-acting insulin aspart (faster aspart) in a basal-bolus (BB) regimen vs basal-only insulin.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
In this open-label, randomized, 18-week trial (51 sites; 6 countries), adults (n = 236) with inadequately controlled type 2 diabetes (T2D; mean glycosylated haemoglobin [HbA1c] ± SD: 7.9% ± 0.7% [63.1 ± 7.5 mmol/mol]) receiving basal insulin and oral antidiabetic drugs underwent 8-week optimization of prior once-daily basal insulin followed by randomization 1:1 to either a BB regimen with faster aspart (n = 116) or continuation of once-daily basal insulin (n = 120), both with metformin. Primary endpoint was HbA1c change from baseline after 18 weeks of treatment. Secondary endpoints included: postprandial plasma glucose (PPG) change and overall PPG increment (all meals); weight; treatment-emergent adverse events; hypoglycaemic episodes.
HbA1c decreased from 7.9% (63.2 mmol/mol) to 6.8% (50.7 mmol/mol; BB group) and from 7.9% (63.2 mmol/mol) to 7.7% (60.7 mmol/mol; basal-only group); estimated treatment difference [95% confidence interval] -0.94% [-1.17; -0.72]; -10.3 mmol/mol [-12.8; -7.8]; P < .0001. Reductions from baseline in overall mean 2-hour PPG and overall PPG increment for all meals (self-measured plasma glucose profiles) were statistically significant in favour of BB treatment (P < .0001). Severe/blood glucose confirmed hypoglycaemia rate (12.8 vs 2.0 episodes per patient-years of exposure), total daily insulin (1.2 vs 0.6 U/kg) and weight gain (1.8 vs 0.2 kg) were greater with BB than with basal-only treatment.
In T2D, faster aspart in a BB regimen provided superior glycaemic control as compared with basal-only insulin, but with an increase in the frequency of hypoglycaemia and modest weight gain.