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Risk factors associated with current intimate partner violence at individual and relationship levels: a cross-sectional study among married rural migrant women in Shanghai, China.
BMJ Open. 2017 04 05; 7(4):e012264.BO

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To identify individual and relationship risk factors associated with current intimate partner violence (IPV) against married rural migrant women in Shanghai, China.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional survey.

SETTING

Two subdistricts of one administrative district, Shanghai, China.

PARTICIPANTS

A total of 958 married rural migrant women of reproductive age were selected using a community-based two-stage cluster sampling method in April and May of 2010.

OUTCOME MEASURES

Data were collected using a modified questionnaire based on an instrument from the WHO Multi-country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence against Women. Adjusted odds ratio (AOR) and 95% CI from a multivariable logistic regression model were estimated to identify individual and relationship risk factors associated with different types of violence in the past 12 months.

RESULTS

Women's low financial autonomy was associated with all types of violence (AORs ranged from 1.98 to 7.89, p<0.05). Quarrelling with husband was a very strong risk factor (AORs >6, p<0.05) for both emotional violence and any violence. Experience of job change in the past year (AOR=4.03, 95% CI 1.57 to 10.35) and history of husband being abused (AOR=4.67, 95% CI 2.17 to 7.69) were strongly associated with physical or sexual violence.

CONCLUSION

Women's low financial autonomy and unstable employment status at an individual level, quarrelling with husband and history of husband beaten by family members at a relationship level were identified as the most robust risk factors for IPV among married rural migrant women. Efforts to prevent IPV among this population should be made to involve both women and their husbands, with a focus on improving financial autonomy and employment status of women, promoting problem-solving and interaction skills of the couples and changing their knowledge and attitudes towards gender norms and IPV.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Shanghai Institute of Planned Parenthood Research, Shanghai, China tuxwcn@163.com. Key Laboratory of Reproduction Regulation of NPFPC (SIPPR, IRD, Fudan University), Shanghai, China.Shanghai Institute of Planned Parenthood Research, Shanghai, China. Key Laboratory of Reproduction Regulation of NPFPC (SIPPR, IRD, Fudan University), Shanghai, China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28385911

Citation

Tu, Xiaowen, and Chaohua Lou. "Risk Factors Associated With Current Intimate Partner Violence at Individual and Relationship Levels: a Cross-sectional Study Among Married Rural Migrant Women in Shanghai, China." BMJ Open, vol. 7, no. 4, 2017, pp. e012264.
Tu X, Lou C. Risk factors associated with current intimate partner violence at individual and relationship levels: a cross-sectional study among married rural migrant women in Shanghai, China. BMJ Open. 2017;7(4):e012264.
Tu, X., & Lou, C. (2017). Risk factors associated with current intimate partner violence at individual and relationship levels: a cross-sectional study among married rural migrant women in Shanghai, China. BMJ Open, 7(4), e012264. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-012264
Tu X, Lou C. Risk Factors Associated With Current Intimate Partner Violence at Individual and Relationship Levels: a Cross-sectional Study Among Married Rural Migrant Women in Shanghai, China. BMJ Open. 2017 04 5;7(4):e012264. PubMed PMID: 28385911.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Risk factors associated with current intimate partner violence at individual and relationship levels: a cross-sectional study among married rural migrant women in Shanghai, China. AU - Tu,Xiaowen, AU - Lou,Chaohua, Y1 - 2017/04/05/ PY - 2017/4/8/entrez PY - 2017/4/8/pubmed PY - 2017/12/21/medline KW - Intimate partner violence KW - Married women of reproductive age KW - Migrant KW - Risk factors SP - e012264 EP - e012264 JF - BMJ open JO - BMJ Open VL - 7 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To identify individual and relationship risk factors associated with current intimate partner violence (IPV) against married rural migrant women in Shanghai, China. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Two subdistricts of one administrative district, Shanghai, China. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 958 married rural migrant women of reproductive age were selected using a community-based two-stage cluster sampling method in April and May of 2010. OUTCOME MEASURES: Data were collected using a modified questionnaire based on an instrument from the WHO Multi-country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence against Women. Adjusted odds ratio (AOR) and 95% CI from a multivariable logistic regression model were estimated to identify individual and relationship risk factors associated with different types of violence in the past 12 months. RESULTS: Women's low financial autonomy was associated with all types of violence (AORs ranged from 1.98 to 7.89, p<0.05). Quarrelling with husband was a very strong risk factor (AORs >6, p<0.05) for both emotional violence and any violence. Experience of job change in the past year (AOR=4.03, 95% CI 1.57 to 10.35) and history of husband being abused (AOR=4.67, 95% CI 2.17 to 7.69) were strongly associated with physical or sexual violence. CONCLUSION: Women's low financial autonomy and unstable employment status at an individual level, quarrelling with husband and history of husband beaten by family members at a relationship level were identified as the most robust risk factors for IPV among married rural migrant women. Efforts to prevent IPV among this population should be made to involve both women and their husbands, with a focus on improving financial autonomy and employment status of women, promoting problem-solving and interaction skills of the couples and changing their knowledge and attitudes towards gender norms and IPV. SN - 2044-6055 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28385911/Risk_factors_associated_with_current_intimate_partner_violence_at_individual_and_relationship_levels:_a_cross_sectional_study_among_married_rural_migrant_women_in_Shanghai_China_ L2 - https://bmjopen.bmj.com/lookup/pmidlookup?view=long&amp;pmid=28385911 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -