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Differences in Mothers' and Children's Dietary Intake during Physical and Sedentary Activities: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study.
J Acad Nutr Diet. 2017 Aug; 117(8):1265-1271.JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Physical activity and diet are major modifiable health behaviors contributing to obesity risk. Although patterns of these behaviors tend to cluster within individuals and within family units, it is unknown to what extent healthy and unhealthy dietary intake might differentially accompany sedentary and physical activities in mothers compared with their children.

OBJECTIVE

Our goal was to examine differences in co-occurrence of activities and dietary intake between mothers and children, as measured in real time using ecological momentary assessment.

PARTICIPANTS/SETTING

This study examined cross-sectional data from 175 mothers and their children aged 8 to 12 years.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Participants completed 8 days of ecological momentary assessment surveys, reporting on whether the following activities had occurred during the past 2 hours: sedentary screen activity, physical activity, and intake of healthy (ie, fruits and vegetables) and unhealthy (ie, fast food, chips/fries, pastries/sweets, and soda/energy drinks) foods.

STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED

Multilevel logistic regression models estimated the adjusted odds of consuming healthy and unhealthy dietary intake for mothers and children during time periods reporting physical activity (vs no physical activity) or sedentary screen activity (vs no sedentary screen activity). Post hoc tests compared estimates for mothers vs children.

RESULTS

Children were significantly more likely than their mothers to consume unhealthy foods during 2-hour windows that included physical activity (odds ratio [children] 1.85, 95% CI 1.47 to 2.31; odds ratio [mothers] 0.83, 95% CI 0.58 to 1.20; Pdiff <0.05), but not sedentary screen activity (Pdiff=0.067). In addition, children and their mothers did not differ in their likelihood of consuming healthy foods during 2-hour windows with sedentary screen activity (Pdiff =0.497) or physical activity (Pdiff =0.170).

CONCLUSIONS

Results indicate that the consumption of unhealthy foods may be more likely to co-occur within a 2-hour window including physical activity in children as compared to their mothers. Future research should examine reasons for this difference, and potential areas for intervention.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28392348

Citation

O'Connor, Sydney G., et al. "Differences in Mothers' and Children's Dietary Intake During Physical and Sedentary Activities: an Ecological Momentary Assessment Study." Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, vol. 117, no. 8, 2017, pp. 1265-1271.
O'Connor SG, Koprowski C, Dzubur E, et al. Differences in Mothers' and Children's Dietary Intake during Physical and Sedentary Activities: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2017;117(8):1265-1271.
O'Connor, S. G., Koprowski, C., Dzubur, E., Leventhal, A. M., Huh, J., & Dunton, G. F. (2017). Differences in Mothers' and Children's Dietary Intake during Physical and Sedentary Activities: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 117(8), 1265-1271. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2017.02.012
O'Connor SG, et al. Differences in Mothers' and Children's Dietary Intake During Physical and Sedentary Activities: an Ecological Momentary Assessment Study. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2017;117(8):1265-1271. PubMed PMID: 28392348.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Differences in Mothers' and Children's Dietary Intake during Physical and Sedentary Activities: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study. AU - O'Connor,Sydney G, AU - Koprowski,Carol, AU - Dzubur,Eldin, AU - Leventhal,Adam M, AU - Huh,Jimi, AU - Dunton,Genevieve Fridlund, Y1 - 2017/04/06/ PY - 2016/05/23/received PY - 2017/02/08/accepted PY - 2017/4/11/pubmed PY - 2017/8/24/medline PY - 2017/4/11/entrez KW - Dietary intake KW - Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) KW - Fruits and vegetables KW - Physical activity KW - Sedentary behavior SP - 1265 EP - 1271 JF - Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics JO - J Acad Nutr Diet VL - 117 IS - 8 N2 - BACKGROUND: Physical activity and diet are major modifiable health behaviors contributing to obesity risk. Although patterns of these behaviors tend to cluster within individuals and within family units, it is unknown to what extent healthy and unhealthy dietary intake might differentially accompany sedentary and physical activities in mothers compared with their children. OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to examine differences in co-occurrence of activities and dietary intake between mothers and children, as measured in real time using ecological momentary assessment. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: This study examined cross-sectional data from 175 mothers and their children aged 8 to 12 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Participants completed 8 days of ecological momentary assessment surveys, reporting on whether the following activities had occurred during the past 2 hours: sedentary screen activity, physical activity, and intake of healthy (ie, fruits and vegetables) and unhealthy (ie, fast food, chips/fries, pastries/sweets, and soda/energy drinks) foods. STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED: Multilevel logistic regression models estimated the adjusted odds of consuming healthy and unhealthy dietary intake for mothers and children during time periods reporting physical activity (vs no physical activity) or sedentary screen activity (vs no sedentary screen activity). Post hoc tests compared estimates for mothers vs children. RESULTS: Children were significantly more likely than their mothers to consume unhealthy foods during 2-hour windows that included physical activity (odds ratio [children] 1.85, 95% CI 1.47 to 2.31; odds ratio [mothers] 0.83, 95% CI 0.58 to 1.20; Pdiff <0.05), but not sedentary screen activity (Pdiff=0.067). In addition, children and their mothers did not differ in their likelihood of consuming healthy foods during 2-hour windows with sedentary screen activity (Pdiff =0.497) or physical activity (Pdiff =0.170). CONCLUSIONS: Results indicate that the consumption of unhealthy foods may be more likely to co-occur within a 2-hour window including physical activity in children as compared to their mothers. Future research should examine reasons for this difference, and potential areas for intervention. SN - 2212-2672 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28392348/Differences_in_Mothers'_and_Children's_Dietary_Intake_during_Physical_and_Sedentary_Activities:_An_Ecological_Momentary_Assessment_Study_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2212-2672(17)30179-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -