Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Maternal depression and personality traits in association with child neuropsychological and behavioral development in preschool years: Mother-child cohort (Rhea Study) in Crete, Greece.
J Affect Disord. 2017 08 01; 217:89-98.JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Poor perinatal maternal mental health has been linked with negative outcomes on early child development; however, the importance of maternal personality has been neglected thus far. We aimed to examine the effects of antenatal and postnatal maternal mental health, including assessment of maternal personality characteristics, on child neuropsychological and behavioral development at preschool years in a population based mother-child cohort (Rhea Study) in Crete, Greece.

METHOD

Self-reported measures of maternal depression (EPDS), trait anxiety (STAI-Trait) and personality traits (EPQ-R) were assessed in a sample of 288 women at 28-32 weeks of gestation. A larger sample of 642 mothers completed the EPDS scale at 8 weeks postpartum. Children's neuropsychological (MSCA) and behavioral (ADHDT and SDQ) development were assessed at 4 years of age. Linear regression analyses were used to estimate the associations between the exposures and outcomes of interest after adjustment for potential confounders.

RESULTS

Regarding child neuropsychological development, increased postnatal depressive symptoms were associated with child's perceptual performance, whereas increased maternal psychoticism was linked with child's motor ability at 4 years of age. Furthermore, elevated levels of maternal depression during pregnancy and postpartum, and the predisposing personality characteristics of trait anxiety and neuroticism, were associated with children's behavioral difficulties.

LIMITATIONS

A clinical diagnostic instrument for maternal mental health was not used and assessment of children's behavior was based on maternal report.

CONCLUSION

These findings suggest that poor perinatal maternal mental health and an adverse personality profile may be associated with impaired child neuropsychological and behavioral development at preschool years.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece; Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece. Electronic address: koutra.k@gmail.com.Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece.Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece.Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece.Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece.Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece.National School of Public Health, Athens, Greece; Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), Barcelona, Spain; Municipal Institute of Medical Research, Barcelona, Spain; CIBER Epidemiologia y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Spain.Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28395209

Citation

Koutra, Katerina, et al. "Maternal Depression and Personality Traits in Association With Child Neuropsychological and Behavioral Development in Preschool Years: Mother-child Cohort (Rhea Study) in Crete, Greece." Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 217, 2017, pp. 89-98.
Koutra K, Roumeliotaki T, Kyriklaki A, et al. Maternal depression and personality traits in association with child neuropsychological and behavioral development in preschool years: Mother-child cohort (Rhea Study) in Crete, Greece. J Affect Disord. 2017;217:89-98.
Koutra, K., Roumeliotaki, T., Kyriklaki, A., Kampouri, M., Sarri, K., Vassilaki, M., Bitsios, P., Kogevinas, M., & Chatzi, L. (2017). Maternal depression and personality traits in association with child neuropsychological and behavioral development in preschool years: Mother-child cohort (Rhea Study) in Crete, Greece. Journal of Affective Disorders, 217, 89-98. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2017.04.002
Koutra K, et al. Maternal Depression and Personality Traits in Association With Child Neuropsychological and Behavioral Development in Preschool Years: Mother-child Cohort (Rhea Study) in Crete, Greece. J Affect Disord. 2017 08 1;217:89-98. PubMed PMID: 28395209.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Maternal depression and personality traits in association with child neuropsychological and behavioral development in preschool years: Mother-child cohort (Rhea Study) in Crete, Greece. AU - Koutra,Katerina, AU - Roumeliotaki,Theano, AU - Kyriklaki,Andriani, AU - Kampouri,Mariza, AU - Sarri,Katerina, AU - Vassilaki,Maria, AU - Bitsios,Panos, AU - Kogevinas,Manolis, AU - Chatzi,Leda, Y1 - 2017/04/04/ PY - 2016/12/12/received PY - 2017/02/22/revised PY - 2017/04/02/accepted PY - 2017/4/11/pubmed PY - 2018/1/20/medline PY - 2017/4/11/entrez KW - Behavior KW - Depression KW - Neurodevelopment KW - Personality traits KW - Preschool years SP - 89 EP - 98 JF - Journal of affective disorders JO - J Affect Disord VL - 217 N2 - BACKGROUND: Poor perinatal maternal mental health has been linked with negative outcomes on early child development; however, the importance of maternal personality has been neglected thus far. We aimed to examine the effects of antenatal and postnatal maternal mental health, including assessment of maternal personality characteristics, on child neuropsychological and behavioral development at preschool years in a population based mother-child cohort (Rhea Study) in Crete, Greece. METHOD: Self-reported measures of maternal depression (EPDS), trait anxiety (STAI-Trait) and personality traits (EPQ-R) were assessed in a sample of 288 women at 28-32 weeks of gestation. A larger sample of 642 mothers completed the EPDS scale at 8 weeks postpartum. Children's neuropsychological (MSCA) and behavioral (ADHDT and SDQ) development were assessed at 4 years of age. Linear regression analyses were used to estimate the associations between the exposures and outcomes of interest after adjustment for potential confounders. RESULTS: Regarding child neuropsychological development, increased postnatal depressive symptoms were associated with child's perceptual performance, whereas increased maternal psychoticism was linked with child's motor ability at 4 years of age. Furthermore, elevated levels of maternal depression during pregnancy and postpartum, and the predisposing personality characteristics of trait anxiety and neuroticism, were associated with children's behavioral difficulties. LIMITATIONS: A clinical diagnostic instrument for maternal mental health was not used and assessment of children's behavior was based on maternal report. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that poor perinatal maternal mental health and an adverse personality profile may be associated with impaired child neuropsychological and behavioral development at preschool years. SN - 1573-2517 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28395209/Maternal_depression_and_personality_traits_in_association_with_child_neuropsychological_and_behavioral_development_in_preschool_years:_Mother_child_cohort__Rhea_Study__in_Crete_Greece_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0165-0327(16)32320-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -