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Experiences of violence and abuse among internally displaced adolescent girls following a natural disaster.
J Adv Nurs. 2017 Dec; 73(12):3200-3208.JA

Abstract

AIM

To describe the physical, psychological and sexual violence among internally displaced adolescent girls following the 2010 Haiti earthquake and related risk factors, health concerns and cultural norms.

BACKGROUND

Thousands of adolescents were displaced following the earthquake, leaving them vulnerable to abuse and violence. Displaced survivors are disproportionately vulnerable to violence after natural and man-made disasters.

DESIGN

A descriptive-correlational design was used to: (1) describe the extent of violence, health risks and concerns in the displaced adolescent girls; and (2) identify correlations in the strength and magnitude of relationships between selected variables including demographics, risk factors and cultural tolerance of violence.

METHODS

Data were collected from participants using computer-assisted self-interviews between 2011-2013 including demographics, pre- and post-earthquake violence, perpetrators, risk factors and health consequences. Analysis included frequency, logistic regression and multiple regression.

RESULTS/FINDINGS

A majority reported physical, psychological, or sexual abuse both pre- (59%) and post- (64.1%) earthquake. Pre-earthquake, abused adolescents reported the perpetrator as a boyfriend (50%) or family member (30%). Post-earthquake, 20.5% of physical abuse perpetrators were family members. Pre- and post-earthquake physical and sexual abuse did not change. The risk of being sexually abused post-earthquake increased after controlling for age and education.

CONCLUSION

Displaced adolescent girls reported similar rates of physical and sexual abuse pre- and post-earthquake. These findings show the importance of preventive policies for adolescent girls in disaster situations in countries with low resources. Social and cultural change is critically needed since abuse was at an unacceptably high rate prior to the earthquake.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Acute and Chronic Care, Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD, USA.Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Cleveland, OH, USA.Wayne State University College of Nursing, Detroit, MI, USA.Department of Acute and Chronic Care, Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD, USA.Brigham and Womens Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA.Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA. Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA.Institut Universitaire de Formation des Cadres (INUFOCAD), Port au Prince, Haiti.Caribbean Exploratory Research Center of Excellence, University of the Virgin Islands School of Nursing, Saint Thomas, Virgin Islands (U.S.A.).

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28398661

Citation

Sloand, Elizabeth, et al. "Experiences of Violence and Abuse Among Internally Displaced Adolescent Girls Following a Natural Disaster." Journal of Advanced Nursing, vol. 73, no. 12, 2017, pp. 3200-3208.
Sloand E, Killion C, Yarandi H, et al. Experiences of violence and abuse among internally displaced adolescent girls following a natural disaster. J Adv Nurs. 2017;73(12):3200-3208.
Sloand, E., Killion, C., Yarandi, H., Sharps, P., Lewis-O'Connor, A., Hassan, M., Gary, F., Cesar, N. M., & Campbell, D. (2017). Experiences of violence and abuse among internally displaced adolescent girls following a natural disaster. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 73(12), 3200-3208. https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.13316
Sloand E, et al. Experiences of Violence and Abuse Among Internally Displaced Adolescent Girls Following a Natural Disaster. J Adv Nurs. 2017;73(12):3200-3208. PubMed PMID: 28398661.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Experiences of violence and abuse among internally displaced adolescent girls following a natural disaster. AU - Sloand,Elizabeth, AU - Killion,Cheryl, AU - Yarandi,Hossein, AU - Sharps,Phyllis, AU - Lewis-O'Connor,Annie, AU - Hassan,Mona, AU - Gary,Faye, AU - Cesar,Nicole Muller, AU - Campbell,Doris, Y1 - 2017/05/22/ PY - 2017/03/20/accepted PY - 2017/4/12/pubmed PY - 2018/7/22/medline PY - 2017/4/12/entrez KW - Haiti KW - adolescent girls KW - culturally sensitive research KW - disasters KW - displacement KW - gender-based violence KW - internally displaced disaster survivors KW - intimate partner violence and abuse KW - nurses/nursing SP - 3200 EP - 3208 JF - Journal of advanced nursing JO - J Adv Nurs VL - 73 IS - 12 N2 - AIM: To describe the physical, psychological and sexual violence among internally displaced adolescent girls following the 2010 Haiti earthquake and related risk factors, health concerns and cultural norms. BACKGROUND: Thousands of adolescents were displaced following the earthquake, leaving them vulnerable to abuse and violence. Displaced survivors are disproportionately vulnerable to violence after natural and man-made disasters. DESIGN: A descriptive-correlational design was used to: (1) describe the extent of violence, health risks and concerns in the displaced adolescent girls; and (2) identify correlations in the strength and magnitude of relationships between selected variables including demographics, risk factors and cultural tolerance of violence. METHODS: Data were collected from participants using computer-assisted self-interviews between 2011-2013 including demographics, pre- and post-earthquake violence, perpetrators, risk factors and health consequences. Analysis included frequency, logistic regression and multiple regression. RESULTS/FINDINGS: A majority reported physical, psychological, or sexual abuse both pre- (59%) and post- (64.1%) earthquake. Pre-earthquake, abused adolescents reported the perpetrator as a boyfriend (50%) or family member (30%). Post-earthquake, 20.5% of physical abuse perpetrators were family members. Pre- and post-earthquake physical and sexual abuse did not change. The risk of being sexually abused post-earthquake increased after controlling for age and education. CONCLUSION: Displaced adolescent girls reported similar rates of physical and sexual abuse pre- and post-earthquake. These findings show the importance of preventive policies for adolescent girls in disaster situations in countries with low resources. Social and cultural change is critically needed since abuse was at an unacceptably high rate prior to the earthquake. SN - 1365-2648 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28398661/Experiences_of_violence_and_abuse_among_internally_displaced_adolescent_girls_following_a_natural_disaster_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.13316 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -