Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

North American Snake Envenomation.
Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2017 May; 35(2):339-354.EM

Abstract

Native US snakes that produce clinically significant envenomation can be divided into 2 groups, crotalids and elapids. The crotalids include rattlesnakes, cottonmouths, and copperheads. Crotalid envenomation can result in significant local tissue damage as well as thrombocytopenia and coagulopathy. Rarely are bites fatal. Native US elapids are all coral snakes that possess neurotoxic venom that can cause weakness, respiratory paralysis, and rarely death. Treatment of both types of envenomation revolves around general supportive care and antivenom administration when indicated. Previously advocated treatments, such as tourniquets, venom extraction, and bite site excision are not recommended.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Medical Toxicology, Department of Emergency Medicine, UC San Diego Health, 200 West Arbor Drive # 8676, San Diego, CA 92103, USA. Electronic address: bcorbett1982@gmail.com.Division of Medical Toxicology, Department of Emergency Medicine, UC San Diego Health, 200 West Arbor Drive # 8676, San Diego, CA 92103, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28411931

Citation

Corbett, Bryan, and Richard F. Clark. "North American Snake Envenomation." Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America, vol. 35, no. 2, 2017, pp. 339-354.
Corbett B, Clark RF. North American Snake Envenomation. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2017;35(2):339-354.
Corbett, B., & Clark, R. F. (2017). North American Snake Envenomation. Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America, 35(2), 339-354. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.emc.2016.12.003
Corbett B, Clark RF. North American Snake Envenomation. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2017;35(2):339-354. PubMed PMID: 28411931.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - North American Snake Envenomation. AU - Corbett,Bryan, AU - Clark,Richard F, PY - 2017/4/17/entrez PY - 2017/4/17/pubmed PY - 2017/4/22/medline KW - Copperhead KW - Coral snake KW - Cottonmouth KW - Crotalid KW - Elapid KW - Rattlesnake SP - 339 EP - 354 JF - Emergency medicine clinics of North America JO - Emerg. Med. Clin. North Am. VL - 35 IS - 2 N2 - Native US snakes that produce clinically significant envenomation can be divided into 2 groups, crotalids and elapids. The crotalids include rattlesnakes, cottonmouths, and copperheads. Crotalid envenomation can result in significant local tissue damage as well as thrombocytopenia and coagulopathy. Rarely are bites fatal. Native US elapids are all coral snakes that possess neurotoxic venom that can cause weakness, respiratory paralysis, and rarely death. Treatment of both types of envenomation revolves around general supportive care and antivenom administration when indicated. Previously advocated treatments, such as tourniquets, venom extraction, and bite site excision are not recommended. SN - 1558-0539 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28411931/North_American_Snake_Envenomation_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0733-8627(16)30117-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -