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[Preliminary report on the application of femtosecond laser-assisted anterior capsulotomy in intumescent white cataract surgery].
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi. 2017 Apr 11; 53(4):281-287.ZY

Abstract

Objective:

To assess the effect of femtosecond laser-assisted anterior capsulotomy in intumescent white cataract surgery.

Methods:

Retrospective case series study. One hundred and fifty cataract patients (150 eyes) from June 2014 to June 2015 in Wuhan Aier ophthalmology hospital were enrolled in this study. They were divided into three groups: 50 intumescent white cataract patients (50 eyes) in the study group were performed femtosecond laser-assisted capsulotomy (LenSx system) operation selectively. Fifty intumescent white cataract patients (50 eyes) underwent normal manual continuous circular capsulorhexis as the control group 1. Fifty other types cataract patients (50 eyes) underwent femtosecond laser-assisted capsulotomy as the control group 2. To observe the complications such as radial tear in anterior capsule, posterior capsule rupture and vitreous prolapse occurred during operations in each group respectively. The microscopic images of the free anterior capsule after dyeing were observed in the studygroup and the control group 2. Using the German company Oculus Pentacam three-dimensional anterior eye segment system to collect the Scheimplug images of each group at 1, 3, 6 months and 1 year after operation. The data were analyzed by SPSS19.0 software package. Complications during operations in all groups were compared with Fisher exact test. The eccentricity and tilt of IOL in each group were analyzed by single factor analysis of variance. The SNK-q test was used to compare the different follow-up time groups.

Results:

One hundred and fifty patients aged from 50 to 86 years old, including 72 male cases and 78 female cases. In study group, radial tear in anterior capsule occurred in 2 eyes (4%), adherent tongue-like capsule adhesion was found in 6 eyes (12%), incomplete capsulotomy button happened in 2 eyes (4%), and posterior capsule rupture and vitreous prolapse occurred in 1 eye (2%). In the control group 1, radial tear in anterior capsule occurred in 8 eyes (16%) and posterior capsule rupture and vitreous prolapse occurred in 3 eyes (6%). The cases number of radial tear in anterior capsule and posterior capsule rupture and vitreous prolapse in the study group was obviously lower than the control group 1. The difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). In the control group 2, all 50 eyes were successfully completed. The implantation was uneventful and the IOL was centered. And posterior capsular rupture and vitreous prolapse did not occur. The difference was statistically significant between the study group and the control group 2 (P<0.05). After 1 year follow-up, the study group and the control group 2 showed no significant IOL tilt and eccentricity. The eccentricity and tilt of IOL in horizontal and vertical direction in control group 1 were significantly higher than those in the study group (F was 2.31, 1.10, 2.78 and 2.90 respectively) and control group 2 (F was 2.50, 2.32, 2.56 and 2.18respectively). The difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).

Conclusions:

Femtosecond laser-assisted anterior capsulotomy is accurate circle and center to avoid IOL eccentricity and tilt caused by capsular bag contraction asymmetrically after implantation, so as to ensure the long-term stability of the visual quality postoperatively. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2017, 53: 281-287).

Authors+Show Affiliations

Wuhan Aier Eye Hospital, Wuhan 430063, China.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

chi

PubMed ID

28412801

Citation

Peng, T T., et al. "[Preliminary Report On the Application of Femtosecond Laser-assisted Anterior Capsulotomy in Intumescent White Cataract Surgery]." [Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 53, no. 4, 2017, pp. 281-287.
Peng TT, Wang Y, Bao XY. [Preliminary report on the application of femtosecond laser-assisted anterior capsulotomy in intumescent white cataract surgery]. Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi. 2017;53(4):281-287.
Peng, T. T., Wang, Y., & Bao, X. Y. (2017). [Preliminary report on the application of femtosecond laser-assisted anterior capsulotomy in intumescent white cataract surgery]. [Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology, 53(4), 281-287. https://doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0412-4081.2017.04.010
Peng TT, Wang Y, Bao XY. [Preliminary Report On the Application of Femtosecond Laser-assisted Anterior Capsulotomy in Intumescent White Cataract Surgery]. Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi. 2017 Apr 11;53(4):281-287. PubMed PMID: 28412801.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Preliminary report on the application of femtosecond laser-assisted anterior capsulotomy in intumescent white cataract surgery]. AU - Peng,T T, AU - Wang,Y, AU - Bao,X Y, PY - 2017/4/17/entrez PY - 2017/4/18/pubmed PY - 2017/8/17/medline KW - Anterior capsule of the lens KW - Capsulorhexis KW - Laser, femtosecond KW - Phacoemulsification SP - 281 EP - 287 JF - [Zhonghua yan ke za zhi] Chinese journal of ophthalmology JO - Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi VL - 53 IS - 4 N2 - Objective: To assess the effect of femtosecond laser-assisted anterior capsulotomy in intumescent white cataract surgery. Methods: Retrospective case series study. One hundred and fifty cataract patients (150 eyes) from June 2014 to June 2015 in Wuhan Aier ophthalmology hospital were enrolled in this study. They were divided into three groups: 50 intumescent white cataract patients (50 eyes) in the study group were performed femtosecond laser-assisted capsulotomy (LenSx system) operation selectively. Fifty intumescent white cataract patients (50 eyes) underwent normal manual continuous circular capsulorhexis as the control group 1. Fifty other types cataract patients (50 eyes) underwent femtosecond laser-assisted capsulotomy as the control group 2. To observe the complications such as radial tear in anterior capsule, posterior capsule rupture and vitreous prolapse occurred during operations in each group respectively. The microscopic images of the free anterior capsule after dyeing were observed in the studygroup and the control group 2. Using the German company Oculus Pentacam three-dimensional anterior eye segment system to collect the Scheimplug images of each group at 1, 3, 6 months and 1 year after operation. The data were analyzed by SPSS19.0 software package. Complications during operations in all groups were compared with Fisher exact test. The eccentricity and tilt of IOL in each group were analyzed by single factor analysis of variance. The SNK-q test was used to compare the different follow-up time groups. Results: One hundred and fifty patients aged from 50 to 86 years old, including 72 male cases and 78 female cases. In study group, radial tear in anterior capsule occurred in 2 eyes (4%), adherent tongue-like capsule adhesion was found in 6 eyes (12%), incomplete capsulotomy button happened in 2 eyes (4%), and posterior capsule rupture and vitreous prolapse occurred in 1 eye (2%). In the control group 1, radial tear in anterior capsule occurred in 8 eyes (16%) and posterior capsule rupture and vitreous prolapse occurred in 3 eyes (6%). The cases number of radial tear in anterior capsule and posterior capsule rupture and vitreous prolapse in the study group was obviously lower than the control group 1. The difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). In the control group 2, all 50 eyes were successfully completed. The implantation was uneventful and the IOL was centered. And posterior capsular rupture and vitreous prolapse did not occur. The difference was statistically significant between the study group and the control group 2 (P<0.05). After 1 year follow-up, the study group and the control group 2 showed no significant IOL tilt and eccentricity. The eccentricity and tilt of IOL in horizontal and vertical direction in control group 1 were significantly higher than those in the study group (F was 2.31, 1.10, 2.78 and 2.90 respectively) and control group 2 (F was 2.50, 2.32, 2.56 and 2.18respectively). The difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusions: Femtosecond laser-assisted anterior capsulotomy is accurate circle and center to avoid IOL eccentricity and tilt caused by capsular bag contraction asymmetrically after implantation, so as to ensure the long-term stability of the visual quality postoperatively. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2017, 53: 281-287). SN - 0412-4081 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28412801/[Preliminary_report_on_the_application_of_femtosecond_laser_assisted_anterior_capsulotomy_in_intumescent_white_cataract_surgery]_ L2 - http://journal.yiigle.com/LinkIn.do?linkin_type=pubmed&amp;issn=0412-4081&amp;year=2017&amp;vol=53&amp;issue=4&amp;fpage=281 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -