Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Helminth Fauna Associated with Three Neotropical Bat Species (Chiroptera: Mormoopidae) in Veracruz, México.
J Parasitol 2017; 103(4):338-342JP

Abstract

Bats are recognized as potential hosts of pathogens exploiting the food chain to reach them as definitive hosts. However, very little is known about their endoparasites, especially for Neotropical bats. In this study, we assessed the helminth fauna associated with 3 insectivorous bat species roosting in the same single hot cave in central Veracruz, México: Mormoops megalophylla, Pteronotus davyi, and Pteronotus personatus. During a period of 1 yr (April 2007-2008), 135 mormoopid bats in total were collected and examined for helminths. Six parasite species representing 3 types of intestinal helminths were found: 1 cestode Vampirolepis elongatus; 2 trematodes Maxbraunium tubiporum and Ochoterenatrema labda; and 3 nematodes Linustrongylus pteronoti, Molineidae gen. sp., and Capillaria sp. Overall, trematodes were the most abundant parasite group (72.4%), followed by nematodes (20.7%) and cestodes (6.9%). Species-accumulation curves suggest that the worms collected (n = 1,331) from these 6 parasite species comprise the helminth fauna associated with the 3 bat populations studied. The only species shared by the 3 bat species was Capillaria sp. Most (5/6) of the helminth species recorded use Lepidoptera and Diptera as intermediate hosts; therefore, diet is likely the main source of infection. Although insectivorous bats are considered dietary generalist species, the differences found in helminth diversity in these sympatric populations of closely related bat species, suggest that diet partitioning occurs in mormoopid bat communities. Helminths tend to exploit the food chain to reach their final hosts; therefore, studying these parasites can provide useful information to further understand the biology of bats.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Instituto de Ecología, A.C., Km 2.5 Antigua Carretera a Coatepec, El Haya, Xalapa, Veracruz 91070, México. Correspondence should be sent to Miguel Rubio-Godoy at: miguel.rubio@inecol.mx.Instituto de Ecología, A.C., Km 2.5 Antigua Carretera a Coatepec, El Haya, Xalapa, Veracruz 91070, México. Correspondence should be sent to Miguel Rubio-Godoy at: miguel.rubio@inecol.mx.Instituto de Ecología, A.C., Km 2.5 Antigua Carretera a Coatepec, El Haya, Xalapa, Veracruz 91070, México. Correspondence should be sent to Miguel Rubio-Godoy at: miguel.rubio@inecol.mx.Instituto de Ecología, A.C., Km 2.5 Antigua Carretera a Coatepec, El Haya, Xalapa, Veracruz 91070, México. Correspondence should be sent to Miguel Rubio-Godoy at: miguel.rubio@inecol.mx.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28420310

Citation

Clarke-Crespo, Emilio, et al. "Helminth Fauna Associated With Three Neotropical Bat Species (Chiroptera: Mormoopidae) in Veracruz, México." The Journal of Parasitology, vol. 103, no. 4, 2017, pp. 338-342.
Clarke-Crespo E, de León GP, Montiel-Ortega S, et al. Helminth Fauna Associated with Three Neotropical Bat Species (Chiroptera: Mormoopidae) in Veracruz, México. J Parasitol. 2017;103(4):338-342.
Clarke-Crespo, E., de León, G. P., Montiel-Ortega, S., & Rubio-Godoy, M. (2017). Helminth Fauna Associated with Three Neotropical Bat Species (Chiroptera: Mormoopidae) in Veracruz, México. The Journal of Parasitology, 103(4), pp. 338-342. doi:10.1645/16-59.
Clarke-Crespo E, et al. Helminth Fauna Associated With Three Neotropical Bat Species (Chiroptera: Mormoopidae) in Veracruz, México. J Parasitol. 2017;103(4):338-342. PubMed PMID: 28420310.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Helminth Fauna Associated with Three Neotropical Bat Species (Chiroptera: Mormoopidae) in Veracruz, México. AU - Clarke-Crespo,Emilio, AU - de León,Gerardo Pérez-Ponce, AU - Montiel-Ortega,Salvador, AU - Rubio-Godoy,Miguel, Y1 - 2017/04/18/ PY - 2017/4/20/pubmed PY - 2017/8/19/medline PY - 2017/4/20/entrez SP - 338 EP - 342 JF - The Journal of parasitology JO - J. Parasitol. VL - 103 IS - 4 N2 - Bats are recognized as potential hosts of pathogens exploiting the food chain to reach them as definitive hosts. However, very little is known about their endoparasites, especially for Neotropical bats. In this study, we assessed the helminth fauna associated with 3 insectivorous bat species roosting in the same single hot cave in central Veracruz, México: Mormoops megalophylla, Pteronotus davyi, and Pteronotus personatus. During a period of 1 yr (April 2007-2008), 135 mormoopid bats in total were collected and examined for helminths. Six parasite species representing 3 types of intestinal helminths were found: 1 cestode Vampirolepis elongatus; 2 trematodes Maxbraunium tubiporum and Ochoterenatrema labda; and 3 nematodes Linustrongylus pteronoti, Molineidae gen. sp., and Capillaria sp. Overall, trematodes were the most abundant parasite group (72.4%), followed by nematodes (20.7%) and cestodes (6.9%). Species-accumulation curves suggest that the worms collected (n = 1,331) from these 6 parasite species comprise the helminth fauna associated with the 3 bat populations studied. The only species shared by the 3 bat species was Capillaria sp. Most (5/6) of the helminth species recorded use Lepidoptera and Diptera as intermediate hosts; therefore, diet is likely the main source of infection. Although insectivorous bats are considered dietary generalist species, the differences found in helminth diversity in these sympatric populations of closely related bat species, suggest that diet partitioning occurs in mormoopid bat communities. Helminths tend to exploit the food chain to reach their final hosts; therefore, studying these parasites can provide useful information to further understand the biology of bats. SN - 1937-2345 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28420310/Helminth_Fauna_Associated_with_Three_Neotropical_Bat_Species__Chiroptera:_Mormoopidae__in_Veracruz_México_ L2 - http://www.journalofparasitology.org/doi/10.1645/16-59?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -