Cost effectiveness of influenza vaccination in patients with acute coronary syndrome in Korea.Vaccine. 2017 05 15; 35(21):2811-2817.V
Influenza can cause cardiovascular abnormalities by inappropriately activating the coagulation cascade. Therefore, influenza vaccination is important because it decreases the risk of hospitalization for and mortality associated with heart disease. In particular, it reduces the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. Our study aimed to estimate the disease burden of MACEs and its related direct and indirect costs in ACS patients.
We estimated the direct and indirect cost of MACEs in ACS patients using a probabilistic model and the Health Insurance Review and Assessment (HIRA)-National Patient Sample (NPS) database. The effect of the influenza vaccination on the rate of MACE in ACS patients was determined using a previous systematic review and meta-analysis.
Our study included 682,258 ACS patients obtained from the 2013 NPS database. According to our model, influenza vaccination would prevent 16,514 MACE-related hospitalizations and 2764 premature deaths in Korea per year. The overall reduction in costs would be $86.2 million per year from a societal perspective. Based on the results of sensitivity analysis, most of the estimated values were in the dominant area.
Our findings show that influenza vaccination in ACS patients is highly cost effective in terms of lowering the cost of hospitalization and premature death due to MACE. Therefore, influenza vaccination is recommended as a means of relieving the clinical and socioeconomic burdens associated with ACS.