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Study of clinical profile of herpes zoster in human immunodeficiency virus positive and negative patients at a rural-based tertiary care center, Gujarat.
Indian J Sex Transm Dis AIDS. 2017 Jan-Jun; 38(1):65-68.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Herpes zoster usually presents with typically grouped vesicles on erythematous base involving single dermatome with self-limiting nature in immunocompetent individuals while it may present in extensive form involving multiple dermatomes involvement or disseminated form in immunocompromised, especially in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES

The aim of this study was to study the prevalence of HIV in patients of herpes zoster, to compare the clinical presentation of herpes zoster in HIV-infected and noninfected patient.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

The study was carried out in the Department of Dermatology in a Teaching Institute of Gujarat, from June 2008 to May 2014 after ethical clearance. The study population included all the patients with a clinical diagnosis of herpes zoster. All the patients were investigated for HIV infection after written consent.

RESULTS

Out of total 688 patients of herpes zoster, 35 (5.1%) were HIV-positive, 26 (74.3%) were males and 9 (25.7%) were females. Among HIV-positive patients, 29 (82.85%) patients had localized dermatomal involvement, 4 (11.42%) patients had multiple dermatomal involvement, and only 2 (5.71%) had disseminated zoster while among HIV-negative, 636 (97.40%) had localized dermatomal involvement, 14 (2.14%) patients had multiple dermatomal involvement, and 3 (0.45%) had disseminated zoster. Cervical dermatome was most commonly involved dermatome in patients of HIV.

CONCLUSION

Disseminated and multiple dermatomal involvement was more commonly involved among HIV-positive patients when compared to HIV-negative patients.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Dermatology, Shree Krishna Hospital, Karamsad, Gujarat, India.Department of Dermatology, Shree Krishna Hospital, Karamsad, Gujarat, India.Department of Dermatology, Shree Krishna Hospital, Karamsad, Gujarat, India.Department of Dermatology, Shree Krishna Hospital, Karamsad, Gujarat, India.Department of Dermatology, Shree Krishna Hospital, Karamsad, Gujarat, India.Department of Dermatology, Shree Krishna Hospital, Karamsad, Gujarat, India.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28442806

Citation

Vora, Rita V., et al. "Study of Clinical Profile of Herpes Zoster in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Positive and Negative Patients at a Rural-based Tertiary Care Center, Gujarat." Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS, vol. 38, no. 1, 2017, pp. 65-68.
Vora RV, Anjaneyan G, Kota RKS, et al. Study of clinical profile of herpes zoster in human immunodeficiency virus positive and negative patients at a rural-based tertiary care center, Gujarat. Indian J Sex Transm Dis AIDS. 2017;38(1):65-68.
Vora, R. V., Anjaneyan, G., Kota, R. K. S., Pilani, A. P., Diwan, N. G., & Patel, N. N. (2017). Study of clinical profile of herpes zoster in human immunodeficiency virus positive and negative patients at a rural-based tertiary care center, Gujarat. Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS, 38(1), 65-68. https://doi.org/10.4103/0253-7184.203440
Vora RV, et al. Study of Clinical Profile of Herpes Zoster in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Positive and Negative Patients at a Rural-based Tertiary Care Center, Gujarat. Indian J Sex Transm Dis AIDS. 2017 Jan-Jun;38(1):65-68. PubMed PMID: 28442806.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Study of clinical profile of herpes zoster in human immunodeficiency virus positive and negative patients at a rural-based tertiary care center, Gujarat. AU - Vora,Rita V, AU - Anjaneyan,Gopikrishnan, AU - Kota,Rahul Krishna S, AU - Pilani,Abhishek P, AU - Diwan,Nilofar G, AU - Patel,Nidhi N, PY - 2017/4/27/entrez PY - 2017/4/27/pubmed PY - 2017/4/27/medline KW - Herpes zoster KW - human immunodeficiency virus KW - immunosuppression SP - 65 EP - 68 JF - Indian journal of sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS JO - Indian J Sex Transm Dis AIDS VL - 38 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Herpes zoster usually presents with typically grouped vesicles on erythematous base involving single dermatome with self-limiting nature in immunocompetent individuals while it may present in extensive form involving multiple dermatomes involvement or disseminated form in immunocompromised, especially in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to study the prevalence of HIV in patients of herpes zoster, to compare the clinical presentation of herpes zoster in HIV-infected and noninfected patient. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out in the Department of Dermatology in a Teaching Institute of Gujarat, from June 2008 to May 2014 after ethical clearance. The study population included all the patients with a clinical diagnosis of herpes zoster. All the patients were investigated for HIV infection after written consent. RESULTS: Out of total 688 patients of herpes zoster, 35 (5.1%) were HIV-positive, 26 (74.3%) were males and 9 (25.7%) were females. Among HIV-positive patients, 29 (82.85%) patients had localized dermatomal involvement, 4 (11.42%) patients had multiple dermatomal involvement, and only 2 (5.71%) had disseminated zoster while among HIV-negative, 636 (97.40%) had localized dermatomal involvement, 14 (2.14%) patients had multiple dermatomal involvement, and 3 (0.45%) had disseminated zoster. Cervical dermatome was most commonly involved dermatome in patients of HIV. CONCLUSION: Disseminated and multiple dermatomal involvement was more commonly involved among HIV-positive patients when compared to HIV-negative patients. SN - 2589-0557 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28442806/Study_of_clinical_profile_of_herpes_zoster_in_human_immunodeficiency_virus_positive_and_negative_patients_at_a_rural_based_tertiary_care_center_Gujarat_ L2 - http://www.ijstd.org/article.asp?issn=2589-0557;year=2017;volume=38;issue=1;spage=65;epage=68;aulast=Vora DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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