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Does Potassium Deficiency Contribute to Hypertension in Children and Adolescents?
Curr Hypertens Rep. 2017 May; 19(5):37.CH

Abstract

The increasing prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in children and adolescents has been largely, but not entirely, related to the childhood obesity epidemic. Among the noted risk factors detectable in children is elevated blood pressure. Emerging findings indicate that in addition to overweight and obesity, sodium intake is associated with elevated blood pressure in youth. Moreover, dietary sodium intake is quite high and well above recommended levels throughout childhood. In adults, the relationship of sodium consumption with hypertension is well established, and there is evidence from both population and clinical studies that potassium intake is also associated with blood pressure. Higher potassium intake is associated with lower blood pressure; and potassium deficit leads to an increase in blood pressure. Findings on relationships of potassium intake with blood pressure in childhood are sparse. There are some reports that provide evidence that a dietary pattern that includes potassium-rich foods is associated with lower blood pressure and may also lower blood pressure in adolescents with elevated blood pressure. Considering the secular changes in dietary patterns throughout childhood, it is prudent to encourage a diet for children that is high in potassium-rich foods.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Departments of Medicine and Pediatrics, Thomas Jefferson University, 833 Chestnut St. Ste 700, Philadelphia, PA, 19107, USA. bonita.falkner@jefferson.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28451848

Citation

Falkner, Bonita. "Does Potassium Deficiency Contribute to Hypertension in Children and Adolescents?" Current Hypertension Reports, vol. 19, no. 5, 2017, p. 37.
Falkner B. Does Potassium Deficiency Contribute to Hypertension in Children and Adolescents? Curr Hypertens Rep. 2017;19(5):37.
Falkner, B. (2017). Does Potassium Deficiency Contribute to Hypertension in Children and Adolescents? Current Hypertension Reports, 19(5), 37. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11906-017-0733-2
Falkner B. Does Potassium Deficiency Contribute to Hypertension in Children and Adolescents. Curr Hypertens Rep. 2017;19(5):37. PubMed PMID: 28451848.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Does Potassium Deficiency Contribute to Hypertension in Children and Adolescents? A1 - Falkner,Bonita, PY - 2017/4/29/entrez PY - 2017/4/30/pubmed PY - 2017/9/21/medline KW - Blood pressure KW - Hypertension in adolescents KW - Hypertension in children KW - Obesity KW - Potassium KW - Sodium SP - 37 EP - 37 JF - Current hypertension reports JO - Curr Hypertens Rep VL - 19 IS - 5 N2 - The increasing prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in children and adolescents has been largely, but not entirely, related to the childhood obesity epidemic. Among the noted risk factors detectable in children is elevated blood pressure. Emerging findings indicate that in addition to overweight and obesity, sodium intake is associated with elevated blood pressure in youth. Moreover, dietary sodium intake is quite high and well above recommended levels throughout childhood. In adults, the relationship of sodium consumption with hypertension is well established, and there is evidence from both population and clinical studies that potassium intake is also associated with blood pressure. Higher potassium intake is associated with lower blood pressure; and potassium deficit leads to an increase in blood pressure. Findings on relationships of potassium intake with blood pressure in childhood are sparse. There are some reports that provide evidence that a dietary pattern that includes potassium-rich foods is associated with lower blood pressure and may also lower blood pressure in adolescents with elevated blood pressure. Considering the secular changes in dietary patterns throughout childhood, it is prudent to encourage a diet for children that is high in potassium-rich foods. SN - 1534-3111 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28451848/Does_Potassium_Deficiency_Contribute_to_Hypertension_in_Children_and_Adolescents DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -