Porous Fe2O3 Nanoframeworks Encapsulated within Three-Dimensional Graphene as High-Performance Flexible Anode for Lithium-Ion Battery.ACS Nano 2017; 11(5):5140-5147AN
Integrating nanoscale porous metal oxides into three-dimensional graphene (3DG) with encapsulated structure is a promising route but remains challenging to develop high-performance electrodes for lithium-ion battery. Herein, we design 3DG/metal organic framework composite by an excessive metal-ion-induced combination and spatially confined Ostwald ripening strategy, which can be transformed into 3DG/Fe2O3 aerogel with porous Fe2O3 nanoframeworks well encapsulated within graphene. The hierarchical structure offers highly interpenetrated porous conductive network and intimate contact between graphene and porous Fe2O3 as well as abundant stress buffer nanospace for effective charge transport and robust structural stability during electrochemical processes. The obtained free-standing 3DG/Fe2O3 aerogel was directly used as highly flexible anode upon mechanical pressing for lithium-ion battery and showed an ultrahigh capacity of 1129 mAh/g at 0.2 A/g after 130 cycles and outstanding cycling stability with a capacity retention of 98% after 1200 cycles at 5 A/g, which is the best results that have been reported so far. This study offers a promising route to greatly enhance the electrochemical properties of metal oxides and provides suggestive insights for developing high-performance electrode materials for electrochemical energy storage.