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Pathways to Reciprocated Friendships: A Cross-Lagged Panel Study on Young Adolescents' Anger Regulation towards Friends.
J Youth Adolesc. 2018 03; 47(3):673-687.JY

Abstract

Adolescents' close friendships are an important and unique learning context in which adolescents can practice and hone their emotion regulation skills within an egalitarian, supportive relationship structure that provides important feedback on the effectiveness of the regulation strategies. This longitudinal study examined whether adolescents' involvement in supportive reciprocal friendships influenced the way in which they regulated angry feelings arising in these friendships. A sample of 299 German adolescents began a 30-month, 3-wave longitudinal study in grade 7 (151 boys, M age = 12.6 years; 100% White). They completed a social network inventory (LueNIC), a peer-nomination measure, and the questionnaire on Strategies of Anger Regulation for Adolescents (SAR-A) in every wave. Cross-lagged-panel modeling indicated a pattern of socialization effects even when controlling for previous friendship involvement, previous anger regulation, peer acceptance, gender, classroom membership, and possible friendship selection influences. Adolescents with more reciprocal friends at Time 1 (T1) reported using aggressive strategies of anger regulation (i.e., verbal and relational aggression, fantasies of revenge) and ignoring the friend less often at Time 2 (T2). Similar results were obtained between T2 and Time 3 (T3). There was a marginally significant effect for one of three non-aggressive strategies such that a higher involvement in friendships at T2 explained more reappraisal of the anger-eliciting event at T3 but significant effects did not emerge for the strategies of redirection of attention and explanation and reconciliation. The results are discussed within a socialization of emotion framework with implications for social skills training modules.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute for Psychology, Leuphana University Lueneburg, Scharnhorststrasse 1, Lueneburg, 21332, Germany. salisch@uni.leuphana.de.Department of Psychology, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA, 23187-8795, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28466421

Citation

von Salisch, Maria, and Janice L. Zeman. "Pathways to Reciprocated Friendships: a Cross-Lagged Panel Study On Young Adolescents' Anger Regulation Towards Friends." Journal of Youth and Adolescence, vol. 47, no. 3, 2018, pp. 673-687.
von Salisch M, Zeman JL. Pathways to Reciprocated Friendships: A Cross-Lagged Panel Study on Young Adolescents' Anger Regulation towards Friends. J Youth Adolesc. 2018;47(3):673-687.
von Salisch, M., & Zeman, J. L. (2018). Pathways to Reciprocated Friendships: A Cross-Lagged Panel Study on Young Adolescents' Anger Regulation towards Friends. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 47(3), 673-687. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-017-0683-7
von Salisch M, Zeman JL. Pathways to Reciprocated Friendships: a Cross-Lagged Panel Study On Young Adolescents' Anger Regulation Towards Friends. J Youth Adolesc. 2018;47(3):673-687. PubMed PMID: 28466421.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Pathways to Reciprocated Friendships: A Cross-Lagged Panel Study on Young Adolescents' Anger Regulation towards Friends. AU - von Salisch,Maria, AU - Zeman,Janice L, Y1 - 2017/05/02/ PY - 2016/11/04/received PY - 2017/04/19/accepted PY - 2017/5/4/pubmed PY - 2018/9/27/medline PY - 2017/5/4/entrez KW - Adolescence KW - Aggression KW - Anger regulation KW - Emotion regulation KW - Emotion socialization KW - Friendship SP - 673 EP - 687 JF - Journal of youth and adolescence JO - J Youth Adolesc VL - 47 IS - 3 N2 - Adolescents' close friendships are an important and unique learning context in which adolescents can practice and hone their emotion regulation skills within an egalitarian, supportive relationship structure that provides important feedback on the effectiveness of the regulation strategies. This longitudinal study examined whether adolescents' involvement in supportive reciprocal friendships influenced the way in which they regulated angry feelings arising in these friendships. A sample of 299 German adolescents began a 30-month, 3-wave longitudinal study in grade 7 (151 boys, M age = 12.6 years; 100% White). They completed a social network inventory (LueNIC), a peer-nomination measure, and the questionnaire on Strategies of Anger Regulation for Adolescents (SAR-A) in every wave. Cross-lagged-panel modeling indicated a pattern of socialization effects even when controlling for previous friendship involvement, previous anger regulation, peer acceptance, gender, classroom membership, and possible friendship selection influences. Adolescents with more reciprocal friends at Time 1 (T1) reported using aggressive strategies of anger regulation (i.e., verbal and relational aggression, fantasies of revenge) and ignoring the friend less often at Time 2 (T2). Similar results were obtained between T2 and Time 3 (T3). There was a marginally significant effect for one of three non-aggressive strategies such that a higher involvement in friendships at T2 explained more reappraisal of the anger-eliciting event at T3 but significant effects did not emerge for the strategies of redirection of attention and explanation and reconciliation. The results are discussed within a socialization of emotion framework with implications for social skills training modules. SN - 1573-6601 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28466421/Pathways_to_Reciprocated_Friendships:_A_Cross_Lagged_Panel_Study_on_Young_Adolescents'_Anger_Regulation_towards_Friends_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-017-0683-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -