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Dietary pattern derived by reduced rank regression and depressive symptoms in a multi-ethnic population: the HELIUS study.
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2017 08; 71(8):987-994.EJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES

To investigate the association of dietary patterns derived by reduced rank regression (RRR) with depressive symptoms in a multi-ethnic population.

SUBJECTS/METHODS

Cross-sectional data from the HELIUS study were used. In total, 4967 men and women (18-70 years) of Dutch, South-Asian Surinamese, African Surinamese, Turkish and Moroccan origin living in the Netherlands were included. Diet was measured using ethnic-specific food frequency questionnaires. Depressive symptoms were measured with the nine-item patient health questionnaire.

RESULTS

By performing RRR in the whole population and per ethnic group, comparable dietary patterns were identified and therefore the dietary pattern for the whole population was used for subsequent analyses. We identified a dietary pattern that was strongly related to eicosapentaenoic acid+docosahexaenoic acid, folate, magnesium and zinc (response variables) and which was characterized by milk products, cheese, whole grains, vegetables, legumes, nuts, potatoes and red meat. After adjustment for confounders, a statistically significant inverse association was observed in the whole population (B: -0.03, 95% CI: -0.06, -0.00, P=0.046) and among Moroccan (B: -0.09, 95% CI: -0.13, -0.04, P=0.027) and South-Asian Surinamese participants (B: -0.05, 95% CI: -0.09, -0.01, P=<0.001), whereas no statistically significant association was found in the remaining ethnic groups. No statistically significant associations were found between the dietary pattern and significant depressed mood in any of the ethnic groups.

CONCLUSIONS

No consistent evidence was found that consumption of a dietary pattern, high in nutrients that are hypothesized to protect against depression, was associated with lower depressive symptoms across different ethnic groups.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Public Health, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.Department of Public Health, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.Department of Health Sciences and the EMGO Institute, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Internal Medicine, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.Department of Health Sciences and the EMGO Institute, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.Department of Public Health, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.Program for Mood Disorders, Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Department of Psychiatry, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.Department of Public Health, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28466848

Citation

Vermeulen, E, et al. "Dietary Pattern Derived By Reduced Rank Regression and Depressive Symptoms in a Multi-ethnic Population: the HELIUS Study." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 71, no. 8, 2017, pp. 987-994.
Vermeulen E, Stronks K, Visser M, et al. Dietary pattern derived by reduced rank regression and depressive symptoms in a multi-ethnic population: the HELIUS study. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2017;71(8):987-994.
Vermeulen, E., Stronks, K., Visser, M., Brouwer, I. A., Snijder, M. B., Mocking, R. J. T., Derks, E. M., Schene, A. H., & Nicolaou, M. (2017). Dietary pattern derived by reduced rank regression and depressive symptoms in a multi-ethnic population: the HELIUS study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 71(8), 987-994. https://doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2017.61
Vermeulen E, et al. Dietary Pattern Derived By Reduced Rank Regression and Depressive Symptoms in a Multi-ethnic Population: the HELIUS Study. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2017;71(8):987-994. PubMed PMID: 28466848.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary pattern derived by reduced rank regression and depressive symptoms in a multi-ethnic population: the HELIUS study. AU - Vermeulen,E, AU - Stronks,K, AU - Visser,M, AU - Brouwer,I A, AU - Snijder,M B, AU - Mocking,R J T, AU - Derks,E M, AU - Schene,A H, AU - Nicolaou,M, Y1 - 2017/05/03/ PY - 2016/09/17/received PY - 2017/03/15/revised PY - 2017/03/28/accepted PY - 2017/5/4/pubmed PY - 2018/5/1/medline PY - 2017/5/4/entrez SP - 987 EP - 994 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 71 IS - 8 N2 - BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of dietary patterns derived by reduced rank regression (RRR) with depressive symptoms in a multi-ethnic population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the HELIUS study were used. In total, 4967 men and women (18-70 years) of Dutch, South-Asian Surinamese, African Surinamese, Turkish and Moroccan origin living in the Netherlands were included. Diet was measured using ethnic-specific food frequency questionnaires. Depressive symptoms were measured with the nine-item patient health questionnaire. RESULTS: By performing RRR in the whole population and per ethnic group, comparable dietary patterns were identified and therefore the dietary pattern for the whole population was used for subsequent analyses. We identified a dietary pattern that was strongly related to eicosapentaenoic acid+docosahexaenoic acid, folate, magnesium and zinc (response variables) and which was characterized by milk products, cheese, whole grains, vegetables, legumes, nuts, potatoes and red meat. After adjustment for confounders, a statistically significant inverse association was observed in the whole population (B: -0.03, 95% CI: -0.06, -0.00, P=0.046) and among Moroccan (B: -0.09, 95% CI: -0.13, -0.04, P=0.027) and South-Asian Surinamese participants (B: -0.05, 95% CI: -0.09, -0.01, P=<0.001), whereas no statistically significant association was found in the remaining ethnic groups. No statistically significant associations were found between the dietary pattern and significant depressed mood in any of the ethnic groups. CONCLUSIONS: No consistent evidence was found that consumption of a dietary pattern, high in nutrients that are hypothesized to protect against depression, was associated with lower depressive symptoms across different ethnic groups. SN - 1476-5640 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28466848/Dietary_pattern_derived_by_reduced_rank_regression_and_depressive_symptoms_in_a_multi_ethnic_population:_the_HELIUS_study_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2017.61 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -