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Parental body mass index and its association with body composition, physical fitness and lifestyle factors in their 4-year-old children: results from the MINISTOP trial.
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2017 10; 71(10):1200-1205.EJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES

To examine the association between parental body mass index (BMI) and their offspring's body composition, physical fitness and lifestyle factors (that is, sedentary time, physical activity and diet).

SUBJECTS/METHODS

A total of 307 preschoolers (4.5±0.1 years) and their parents (fathers: 38.1±5.1 years and mothers: 35.6±4.2 years) participated in this study. Parental BMI was calculated using self-reported weight and height. Preschoolers body composition was assessed using: BMI, fat mass percentage, fat mass index, fat-free mass index (measured via air-displacement plethysmography) and waist circumference. Physical fitness was assessed by the PREFIT fitness battery. Lifestyle factors were assessed using the ActiGraph wGT3x-BT (sedentary time and physical activity), and the mobile-phone based tool for energy balance in children (diet).

RESULTS

Parental BMI were positively associated with their offspring's BMI (paternal BMI: standardised beta, β=0.233, P<0.001; maternal BMI: β=0.186, P=0.001), fat mass index (paternal BMI: β=0.130, P=0.026; maternal BMI: β=0.163, P=0.005), fat-free mass index (paternal BMI: β=0.214, P<0.001; maternal BMI: β=0.119, P=0.036) and waist circumference (paternal BMI: β=0.178, P=0.001; maternal BMI: β=0.179, P=0.001). A negative association was found between maternal BMI and their offspring's standing long jump test (β=-0.132, P=0.022). Paternal BMI was associated with their offspring's sedentary time (β=0.100, P=0.026), whereas parental BMI was not associated with neither physical activity nor diet (all P⩾0.104).

CONCLUSIONS

Parental BMI was positively associated with their offspring's BMI, fat as well as fat-free mass index and waist circumference. Moreover, a higher paternal and maternal BMI were related to higher levels of sedentary time and a lower performance in the standing long jump test of their offspring, respectively.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Promoting Fitness and Health through Physical Activity Research Group (PROFITH), Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.Promoting Fitness and Health through Physical Activity Research Group (PROFITH), Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.Promoting Fitness and Health through Physical Activity Research Group (PROFITH), Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, NOVUM, Huddinge, Sweden.Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield, WI, USA.Promoting Fitness and Health through Physical Activity Research Group (PROFITH), Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain. Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, NOVUM, Huddinge, Sweden.Promoting Fitness and Health through Physical Activity Research Group (PROFITH), Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain. Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, NOVUM, Huddinge, Sweden.Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, NOVUM, Huddinge, Sweden.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28466851

Citation

Cadenas-Sanchez, C, et al. "Parental Body Mass Index and Its Association With Body Composition, Physical Fitness and Lifestyle Factors in Their 4-year-old Children: Results From the MINISTOP Trial." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 71, no. 10, 2017, pp. 1200-1205.
Cadenas-Sanchez C, Henriksson P, Henriksson H, et al. Parental body mass index and its association with body composition, physical fitness and lifestyle factors in their 4-year-old children: results from the MINISTOP trial. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2017;71(10):1200-1205.
Cadenas-Sanchez, C., Henriksson, P., Henriksson, H., Delisle Nyström, C., Pomeroy, J., Ruiz, J. R., Ortega, F. B., & Löf, M. (2017). Parental body mass index and its association with body composition, physical fitness and lifestyle factors in their 4-year-old children: results from the MINISTOP trial. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 71(10), 1200-1205. https://doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2017.62
Cadenas-Sanchez C, et al. Parental Body Mass Index and Its Association With Body Composition, Physical Fitness and Lifestyle Factors in Their 4-year-old Children: Results From the MINISTOP Trial. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2017;71(10):1200-1205. PubMed PMID: 28466851.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Parental body mass index and its association with body composition, physical fitness and lifestyle factors in their 4-year-old children: results from the MINISTOP trial. AU - Cadenas-Sanchez,C, AU - Henriksson,P, AU - Henriksson,H, AU - Delisle Nyström,C, AU - Pomeroy,J, AU - Ruiz,J R, AU - Ortega,F B, AU - Löf,M, Y1 - 2017/05/03/ PY - 2016/09/19/received PY - 2017/03/04/revised PY - 2017/03/31/accepted PY - 2017/5/4/pubmed PY - 2018/6/1/medline PY - 2017/5/4/entrez SP - 1200 EP - 1205 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 71 IS - 10 N2 - BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between parental body mass index (BMI) and their offspring's body composition, physical fitness and lifestyle factors (that is, sedentary time, physical activity and diet). SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 307 preschoolers (4.5±0.1 years) and their parents (fathers: 38.1±5.1 years and mothers: 35.6±4.2 years) participated in this study. Parental BMI was calculated using self-reported weight and height. Preschoolers body composition was assessed using: BMI, fat mass percentage, fat mass index, fat-free mass index (measured via air-displacement plethysmography) and waist circumference. Physical fitness was assessed by the PREFIT fitness battery. Lifestyle factors were assessed using the ActiGraph wGT3x-BT (sedentary time and physical activity), and the mobile-phone based tool for energy balance in children (diet). RESULTS: Parental BMI were positively associated with their offspring's BMI (paternal BMI: standardised beta, β=0.233, P<0.001; maternal BMI: β=0.186, P=0.001), fat mass index (paternal BMI: β=0.130, P=0.026; maternal BMI: β=0.163, P=0.005), fat-free mass index (paternal BMI: β=0.214, P<0.001; maternal BMI: β=0.119, P=0.036) and waist circumference (paternal BMI: β=0.178, P=0.001; maternal BMI: β=0.179, P=0.001). A negative association was found between maternal BMI and their offspring's standing long jump test (β=-0.132, P=0.022). Paternal BMI was associated with their offspring's sedentary time (β=0.100, P=0.026), whereas parental BMI was not associated with neither physical activity nor diet (all P⩾0.104). CONCLUSIONS: Parental BMI was positively associated with their offspring's BMI, fat as well as fat-free mass index and waist circumference. Moreover, a higher paternal and maternal BMI were related to higher levels of sedentary time and a lower performance in the standing long jump test of their offspring, respectively. SN - 1476-5640 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28466851/Parental_body_mass_index_and_its_association_with_body_composition_physical_fitness_and_lifestyle_factors_in_their_4_year_old_children:_results_from_the_MINISTOP_trial_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2017.62 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -