Treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis.Am Fam Physician. 1987 Jun; 35(6):135-40.AF
Diabetic ketoacidosis can be effectively treated by using a few properly selected tests and more physiologic administration of insulin and intravenous fluids. Insulin is given by intravenous drip at an initial rate of about 0.1 u per kg per hour. The initial hydrating fluid is 5 percent glucose in 0.45 percent saline plus 40 mEq of potassium chloride or buffered potassium phosphate, given at a rate of 250 mL per hour. Arterial blood gas measurements are not needed.