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Normative expectations about fairness: The development of a charity norm in preschoolers.
J Exp Child Psychol. 2018 Jan; 165:66-84.JE

Abstract

This study investigated preschool children's normative expectations about the fair distribution of resources. We examined whether preschool children have a norm of charity, that is, a norm to give more to poor individuals than to wealthy individuals. To this end, we presented 3- to 6-year-olds (N=81) with two different resource allocation situations. In one situation, an agent complied with a norm of charity by allocating more resources to a poor recipient than to a rich recipient. In the other situation, a different agent violated the norm by allocating more resources to a wealthy recipient. We assessed (a) children's verbal protest and affirmation during the resource allocation situations, (b) their punishing and rewarding behavior toward the agents, and (c) their evaluations of the agents' behavior. The results show that older (5- and 6-year-old) preschool children enforced norm-compliant behavior and protested against the norm violation of the protagonist who gave more items to the wealthy recipient, but this was not the case in younger preschool children. These findings demonstrate that older preschool children consider charity as a norm and enforce this norm toward third parties.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department Psychology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, D-80802 Munich, Germany. Electronic address: monika.woerle@psy.lmu.de.Department Psychology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, D-80802 Munich, Germany.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28477951

Citation

Wörle, Monika, and Markus Paulus. "Normative Expectations About Fairness: the Development of a Charity Norm in Preschoolers." Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, vol. 165, 2018, pp. 66-84.
Wörle M, Paulus M. Normative expectations about fairness: The development of a charity norm in preschoolers. J Exp Child Psychol. 2018;165:66-84.
Wörle, M., & Paulus, M. (2018). Normative expectations about fairness: The development of a charity norm in preschoolers. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 165, 66-84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2017.03.016
Wörle M, Paulus M. Normative Expectations About Fairness: the Development of a Charity Norm in Preschoolers. J Exp Child Psychol. 2018;165:66-84. PubMed PMID: 28477951.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Normative expectations about fairness: The development of a charity norm in preschoolers. AU - Wörle,Monika, AU - Paulus,Markus, Y1 - 2017/05/03/ PY - 2016/10/14/received PY - 2017/02/21/revised PY - 2017/03/15/accepted PY - 2017/5/10/pubmed PY - 2018/5/19/medline PY - 2017/5/8/entrez KW - Charity KW - Fairness KW - Normativity KW - Preschoolers KW - Prosocial development KW - Sharing expectations SP - 66 EP - 84 JF - Journal of experimental child psychology JO - J Exp Child Psychol VL - 165 N2 - This study investigated preschool children's normative expectations about the fair distribution of resources. We examined whether preschool children have a norm of charity, that is, a norm to give more to poor individuals than to wealthy individuals. To this end, we presented 3- to 6-year-olds (N=81) with two different resource allocation situations. In one situation, an agent complied with a norm of charity by allocating more resources to a poor recipient than to a rich recipient. In the other situation, a different agent violated the norm by allocating more resources to a wealthy recipient. We assessed (a) children's verbal protest and affirmation during the resource allocation situations, (b) their punishing and rewarding behavior toward the agents, and (c) their evaluations of the agents' behavior. The results show that older (5- and 6-year-old) preschool children enforced norm-compliant behavior and protested against the norm violation of the protagonist who gave more items to the wealthy recipient, but this was not the case in younger preschool children. These findings demonstrate that older preschool children consider charity as a norm and enforce this norm toward third parties. SN - 1096-0457 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28477951/Normative_expectations_about_fairness:_The_development_of_a_charity_norm_in_preschoolers_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0022-0965(17)30203-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -