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Dietary sodium, dietary potassium, and systolic blood pressure in US adolescents.
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2017 Sep; 19(9):904-909.JC

Abstract

Both high sodium and low potassium diets are associated with hypertension, but whether these risk factors are distinct or overlapping has not been thoroughly investigated. The authors evaluated the relationship between dietary sodium, potassium, and high systolic blood pressure among 4716 adolescents aged 12 to 14 years who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 1999 to 2012. There was no association with blood pressure across most values of sodium or potassium intake. However, participants who reported sodium intake ≥7500 mg/d, potassium <700 mg/d, or sodium-potassium ratio ≥2.5 had increased odds for high systolic blood pressure (≥95th percentile for age, sex, and height). Although the high sodium and low potassium groups did not overlap, 49.2% of these adolescents also had a sodium-potassium ratio ≥2.5. In young adolescents, both excessive sodium and limited potassium are associated with high systolic blood pressure, but the balance between sodium and potassium intake may be more useful in explaining blood pressure in this population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA, USA.Department of Pediatrics, Division of Nephrology, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28485063

Citation

Chmielewski, Jennifer, and J Bryan Carmody. "Dietary Sodium, Dietary Potassium, and Systolic Blood Pressure in US Adolescents." Journal of Clinical Hypertension (Greenwich, Conn.), vol. 19, no. 9, 2017, pp. 904-909.
Chmielewski J, Carmody JB. Dietary sodium, dietary potassium, and systolic blood pressure in US adolescents. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2017;19(9):904-909.
Chmielewski, J., & Carmody, J. B. (2017). Dietary sodium, dietary potassium, and systolic blood pressure in US adolescents. Journal of Clinical Hypertension (Greenwich, Conn.), 19(9), 904-909. https://doi.org/10.1111/jch.13014
Chmielewski J, Carmody JB. Dietary Sodium, Dietary Potassium, and Systolic Blood Pressure in US Adolescents. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2017;19(9):904-909. PubMed PMID: 28485063.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary sodium, dietary potassium, and systolic blood pressure in US adolescents. AU - Chmielewski,Jennifer, AU - Carmody,J Bryan, Y1 - 2017/05/08/ PY - 2017/01/20/received PY - 2017/02/27/revised PY - 2017/03/05/accepted PY - 2017/5/10/pubmed PY - 2018/5/31/medline PY - 2017/5/10/entrez KW - NHANES KW - diet therapy KW - hypertension KW - public health SP - 904 EP - 909 JF - Journal of clinical hypertension (Greenwich, Conn.) JO - J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) VL - 19 IS - 9 N2 - Both high sodium and low potassium diets are associated with hypertension, but whether these risk factors are distinct or overlapping has not been thoroughly investigated. The authors evaluated the relationship between dietary sodium, potassium, and high systolic blood pressure among 4716 adolescents aged 12 to 14 years who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 1999 to 2012. There was no association with blood pressure across most values of sodium or potassium intake. However, participants who reported sodium intake ≥7500 mg/d, potassium <700 mg/d, or sodium-potassium ratio ≥2.5 had increased odds for high systolic blood pressure (≥95th percentile for age, sex, and height). Although the high sodium and low potassium groups did not overlap, 49.2% of these adolescents also had a sodium-potassium ratio ≥2.5. In young adolescents, both excessive sodium and limited potassium are associated with high systolic blood pressure, but the balance between sodium and potassium intake may be more useful in explaining blood pressure in this population. SN - 1751-7176 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28485063/Dietary_sodium_dietary_potassium_and_systolic_blood_pressure_in_US_adolescents_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/jch.13014 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -