Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Disgust and Anger Relate to Different Aggressive Responses to Moral Violations.
Psychol Sci. 2017 May; 28(5):609-619.PS

Abstract

In response to the same moral violation, some people report experiencing anger, and others report feeling disgust. Do differences in emotional responses to moral violations reflect idiosyncratic differences in the communication of outrage, or do they reflect differences in motivational states? Whereas equivalence accounts suggest that anger and disgust are interchangeable expressions of condemnation, sociofunctional accounts suggest that they have distinct antecedents and consequences. We tested these accounts by investigating whether anger and disgust vary depending on the costs imposed by moral violations and whether they differentially correspond with aggressive tendencies. Results across four studies favor a sociofunctional account: When the target of a moral violation shifts from the self to another person, anger decreases, but disgust increases. Whereas anger is associated with high-cost, direct aggression, disgust is associated with less costly indirect aggression. Finally, whether the target of a moral violation is the self or another person influences direct aggression partially via anger and influences indirect aggression partially via disgust.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1 Department of Experimental and Applied Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.1 Department of Experimental and Applied Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.2 Department of Political and Social Sciences, European University Institute.1 Department of Experimental and Applied Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.3 Social Cognition Center Cologne, University of Cologne.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28485700

Citation

Molho, Catherine, et al. "Disgust and Anger Relate to Different Aggressive Responses to Moral Violations." Psychological Science, vol. 28, no. 5, 2017, pp. 609-619.
Molho C, Tybur JM, Güler E, et al. Disgust and Anger Relate to Different Aggressive Responses to Moral Violations. Psychol Sci. 2017;28(5):609-619.
Molho, C., Tybur, J. M., Güler, E., Balliet, D., & Hofmann, W. (2017). Disgust and Anger Relate to Different Aggressive Responses to Moral Violations. Psychological Science, 28(5), 609-619. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797617692000
Molho C, et al. Disgust and Anger Relate to Different Aggressive Responses to Moral Violations. Psychol Sci. 2017;28(5):609-619. PubMed PMID: 28485700.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Disgust and Anger Relate to Different Aggressive Responses to Moral Violations. AU - Molho,Catherine, AU - Tybur,Joshua M, AU - Güler,Ezgi, AU - Balliet,Daniel, AU - Hofmann,Wilhelm, Y1 - 2017/03/21/ PY - 2017/5/10/entrez PY - 2017/5/10/pubmed PY - 2018/2/22/medline KW - aggression KW - anger KW - disgust KW - emotions KW - morality KW - open data KW - open materials SP - 609 EP - 619 JF - Psychological science JO - Psychol Sci VL - 28 IS - 5 N2 - In response to the same moral violation, some people report experiencing anger, and others report feeling disgust. Do differences in emotional responses to moral violations reflect idiosyncratic differences in the communication of outrage, or do they reflect differences in motivational states? Whereas equivalence accounts suggest that anger and disgust are interchangeable expressions of condemnation, sociofunctional accounts suggest that they have distinct antecedents and consequences. We tested these accounts by investigating whether anger and disgust vary depending on the costs imposed by moral violations and whether they differentially correspond with aggressive tendencies. Results across four studies favor a sociofunctional account: When the target of a moral violation shifts from the self to another person, anger decreases, but disgust increases. Whereas anger is associated with high-cost, direct aggression, disgust is associated with less costly indirect aggression. Finally, whether the target of a moral violation is the self or another person influences direct aggression partially via anger and influences indirect aggression partially via disgust. SN - 1467-9280 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28485700/Disgust_and_Anger_Relate_to_Different_Aggressive_Responses_to_Moral_Violations_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -