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[Tinea capitis: Main mycosis child. Epidemiological study on 10years].
J Mycol Med. 2017 Sep; 27(3):345-350.JM

Abstract

Despite the changes in their epidemiology, and the improving level of hygiene of the population, tinea capitis is still considered a public health problem in our country, and is the most common type of dermatophytosis in our country. The aim of our study was to evaluate the epidemiological, clinical and mycological features of tinea capitis in children encountered in the Tunis region. A retrospective study concerned 1600 children aged 6 months to 15 years suspected to have tinea capitis was conducted in Parasitology-Mycology laboratory, Rabta hospital, over a 10-years period (2005-2014). Dermatophyte infections were confirmed using scalp scrapings examinated with direct microscopy using potash at 30% and/or culture on Sabouraud medium agar. Tinea capitis diagnosis was confirmed in 947 cases (59.18%). The sex ratio was 2.61 and the average age of 6.28 years with predominance in the age group of 4 to 8 years (52.27%). The most common clinical presentation was ringworm (87.65%). Ringworm large plaque was predominant (65.9%). Direct examination was positive in 884 cases (93.35%). Microsporic tinea was the most frequent (63.25%) followed by trichophytic tinea (29.78%). Positive cultures of dermatophytes were obtained in 912 cases (96.30%). The following dermatophyte species were isolated: Microsporum canis (67%), Trichophyton violaceum (31.68%), Trichophyton mentagrophytes (0.66%), Microsporum audouinii (0.22%), Trichophyton schoenleinii (0.22%) and Microsporum gypseum (0.22%). M. canis is currently the most frequently incriminated species in tinea capitis in Tunisia. This change is related to a change in behavior of our population, in fact the cat; main reservoir of M. canis cohabiting increasingly with Tunisian families.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratoire de parasitologie-mycologie, CHU la Rabta, 1082 Tunis, Tunisie. Electronic address: aicha@elloumi.net.Laboratoire de parasitologie-mycologie, CHU la Rabta, 1082 Tunis, Tunisie.Laboratoire de parasitologie-mycologie, CHU la Rabta, 1082 Tunis, Tunisie.Laboratoire de parasitologie-mycologie, CHU la Rabta, 1082 Tunis, Tunisie.Laboratoire de parasitologie-mycologie, CHU la Rabta, 1082 Tunis, Tunisie.Laboratoire de parasitologie-mycologie, CHU la Rabta, 1082 Tunis, Tunisie.Laboratoire de parasitologie-mycologie, CHU la Rabta, 1082 Tunis, Tunisie.Service de l'hygiène et de protection de l'environnement, CHU la Rabta, Tunis, Tunisie.Laboratoire de parasitologie-mycologie, CHU la Rabta, 1082 Tunis, Tunisie.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

fre

PubMed ID

28501468

Citation

Kallel, A, et al. "[Tinea Capitis: Main Mycosis Child. Epidemiological Study On 10years]." Journal De Mycologie Medicale, vol. 27, no. 3, 2017, pp. 345-350.
Kallel A, Hdider A, Fakhfakh N, et al. [Tinea capitis: Main mycosis child. Epidemiological study on 10years]. J Mycol Med. 2017;27(3):345-350.
Kallel, A., Hdider, A., Fakhfakh, N., Belhadj, S., Belhadj-Salah, N., Bada, N., Chouchen, A., Ennigrou, S., & Kallel, K. (2017). [Tinea capitis: Main mycosis child. Epidemiological study on 10years]. Journal De Mycologie Medicale, 27(3), 345-350. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mycmed.2017.02.009
Kallel A, et al. [Tinea Capitis: Main Mycosis Child. Epidemiological Study On 10years]. J Mycol Med. 2017;27(3):345-350. PubMed PMID: 28501468.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Tinea capitis: Main mycosis child. Epidemiological study on 10years]. AU - Kallel,A, AU - Hdider,A, AU - Fakhfakh,N, AU - Belhadj,S, AU - Belhadj-Salah,N, AU - Bada,N, AU - Chouchen,A, AU - Ennigrou,S, AU - Kallel,K, Y1 - 2017/05/10/ PY - 2017/01/08/received PY - 2017/02/16/revised PY - 2017/02/16/accepted PY - 2017/5/16/pubmed PY - 2018/5/25/medline PY - 2017/5/15/entrez KW - Child KW - Dermatophytes KW - Enfant KW - Microsporum canis KW - Teignes KW - Tinea capitis KW - Trichophyton violaceum SP - 345 EP - 350 JF - Journal de mycologie medicale JO - J Mycol Med VL - 27 IS - 3 N2 - Despite the changes in their epidemiology, and the improving level of hygiene of the population, tinea capitis is still considered a public health problem in our country, and is the most common type of dermatophytosis in our country. The aim of our study was to evaluate the epidemiological, clinical and mycological features of tinea capitis in children encountered in the Tunis region. A retrospective study concerned 1600 children aged 6 months to 15 years suspected to have tinea capitis was conducted in Parasitology-Mycology laboratory, Rabta hospital, over a 10-years period (2005-2014). Dermatophyte infections were confirmed using scalp scrapings examinated with direct microscopy using potash at 30% and/or culture on Sabouraud medium agar. Tinea capitis diagnosis was confirmed in 947 cases (59.18%). The sex ratio was 2.61 and the average age of 6.28 years with predominance in the age group of 4 to 8 years (52.27%). The most common clinical presentation was ringworm (87.65%). Ringworm large plaque was predominant (65.9%). Direct examination was positive in 884 cases (93.35%). Microsporic tinea was the most frequent (63.25%) followed by trichophytic tinea (29.78%). Positive cultures of dermatophytes were obtained in 912 cases (96.30%). The following dermatophyte species were isolated: Microsporum canis (67%), Trichophyton violaceum (31.68%), Trichophyton mentagrophytes (0.66%), Microsporum audouinii (0.22%), Trichophyton schoenleinii (0.22%) and Microsporum gypseum (0.22%). M. canis is currently the most frequently incriminated species in tinea capitis in Tunisia. This change is related to a change in behavior of our population, in fact the cat; main reservoir of M. canis cohabiting increasingly with Tunisian families. SN - 1773-0449 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28501468/[Tinea_capitis:_Main_mycosis_child__Epidemiological_study_on_10years]_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1156-5233(17)30005-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -