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Food Sources of Energy and Nutrients in Infants, Toddlers, and Young Children from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012.
Nutrients. 2017 May 13; 9(5)N

Abstract

Food sources of nutrients in Mexican children are not well known. To fill the knowledge gap, dietary intake was assessed in 2057 children using a 24-hour dietary recall. All reported foods and beverages were assigned to one of 76 food groups. Percent contribution of each food group to nutrient intake was estimated for four age groups: 0-5.9, 6-11.9, 12-23.9, and 24-47.9 months. Breast milk, infant formula, and cow's milk were the top sources of energy and nutrients, especially in younger groups. Among infants aged 6-11.9 months, the top food sources of energy included soups and stews, cookies, fruit, tortillas, eggs and egg dishes, and traditional beverages. The same foods plus sweetened breads, dried beans, and sandwiches and tortas were consumed as the top sources of energy among toddlers and young children. Milk, soups, and stews were the top contributors for all nutrients and tortillas, eggs, and egg dishes were among the top contributors for iron and zinc. This study showed that low nutrient-dense cookies, sweetened breads, and traditional beverages were among the core foods consumed early in life in Mexico. This compromises the intake of more nutritious foods such as vegetables and fortified cereals and increases the risk of obesity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Nestlé Research Center, Lausanne 1000, Switzerland. liya.denney@rdls.nestle.com.Nestlé Research Center, Lausanne 1000, Switzerland. myriam.afeichezehil@rdls.nestle.com.Nestlé Research Center, Lausanne 1000, Switzerland. alison.eldridge@rdls.nestle.com.Children's Hospital of Mexico Federico Gómez, National Institute of Health, Mexico City 06720, Mexico. salvador.villalpando@MX.nestle.com. Nestlé Infant Nutrition, Mexico City 11520, Mexico. salvador.villalpando@MX.nestle.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28505084

Citation

Denney, Liya, et al. "Food Sources of Energy and Nutrients in Infants, Toddlers, and Young Children From the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012." Nutrients, vol. 9, no. 5, 2017.
Denney L, Afeiche MC, Eldridge AL, et al. Food Sources of Energy and Nutrients in Infants, Toddlers, and Young Children from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012. Nutrients. 2017;9(5).
Denney, L., Afeiche, M. C., Eldridge, A. L., & Villalpando-Carrión, S. (2017). Food Sources of Energy and Nutrients in Infants, Toddlers, and Young Children from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012. Nutrients, 9(5). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9050494
Denney L, et al. Food Sources of Energy and Nutrients in Infants, Toddlers, and Young Children From the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012. Nutrients. 2017 May 13;9(5) PubMed PMID: 28505084.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Food Sources of Energy and Nutrients in Infants, Toddlers, and Young Children from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012. AU - Denney,Liya, AU - Afeiche,Myriam C, AU - Eldridge,Alison L, AU - Villalpando-Carrión,Salvador, Y1 - 2017/05/13/ PY - 2017/03/16/received PY - 2017/04/22/revised PY - 2017/05/08/accepted PY - 2017/5/16/entrez PY - 2017/5/16/pubmed PY - 2018/3/27/medline KW - ENSANUT 2012 KW - energy KW - food sources KW - infants KW - nutrients KW - toddlers KW - young children JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 9 IS - 5 N2 - Food sources of nutrients in Mexican children are not well known. To fill the knowledge gap, dietary intake was assessed in 2057 children using a 24-hour dietary recall. All reported foods and beverages were assigned to one of 76 food groups. Percent contribution of each food group to nutrient intake was estimated for four age groups: 0-5.9, 6-11.9, 12-23.9, and 24-47.9 months. Breast milk, infant formula, and cow's milk were the top sources of energy and nutrients, especially in younger groups. Among infants aged 6-11.9 months, the top food sources of energy included soups and stews, cookies, fruit, tortillas, eggs and egg dishes, and traditional beverages. The same foods plus sweetened breads, dried beans, and sandwiches and tortas were consumed as the top sources of energy among toddlers and young children. Milk, soups, and stews were the top contributors for all nutrients and tortillas, eggs, and egg dishes were among the top contributors for iron and zinc. This study showed that low nutrient-dense cookies, sweetened breads, and traditional beverages were among the core foods consumed early in life in Mexico. This compromises the intake of more nutritious foods such as vegetables and fortified cereals and increases the risk of obesity. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28505084/Food_Sources_of_Energy_and_Nutrients_in_Infants_Toddlers_and_Young_Children_from_the_Mexican_National_Health_and_Nutrition_Survey_2012_ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu9050494 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -