Differential growth promotion of poplar and birch inoculated with three dark septate endophytes in two trace element-contaminated soils.Int J Phytoremediation. 2017 Dec 02; 19(12):1118-1125.IJ
Dark septate endophytes (DSEs) are abundant in stressful environments, including trace element (TE)-enriched soils. However, knowledge about the effects of DSEs on plant growth in such soils is poor compared to the well-known mycorrhizal fungi. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effects of three DSE strains isolated from TE-contaminated soils on the growth and mineral nutrition of Betula pendula and Populus tremula x alba grown on two contrasting TE-polluted soils. The three DSEs evenly colonized the two plant species in both soils. Nevertheless, plant responses to DSE inoculation varied from neutral to beneficial depending on soil properties. Depending on fungal strain and plant species, different factors seemed to contribute to plant growth promotion. Phialophora mustea Pr27 and Leptodontidium Pr30 decreased lipid peroxidation in birch shoots. Chlorophyll, K, and P concentrations increased in the shoots of Leptodontidium Pr30-inoculated trees, whereas Cd concentration decreased in Cadophora Fe06-inoculated birch. The absence of a general DSE-mediated plant growth-promoting behavior could represent a limiting factor for a generic use of DSEs in the tree-based phytomanagement of TE-contaminated soils. Our results suggest that the selection of strains adapted to particular edaphic conditions should not be overlooked within the framework of phytomanagement.