Integrin αvβ5 inhibition protects against ischemia-reperfusion-induced lung injury in an autophagy-dependent manner.
Integrin αvβ5 mediates pulmonary endothelial barrier function and acute lung injury (LI), but its roles in cell apoptosis and autophagy are unclear. Thus, the aims of this study were to investigate the significance of αvβ5 in ischemia-reperfusion (I/R)-induced apoptosis and LI and to explore the relationship between αvβ5 and autophagy. Human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (HPMVECs) were pretreated with an αvβ5-blocking antibody (ALULA) and challenged with oxygen-glucose deprivation/oxygen-glucose restoration, which mimics I/R; then, cellular autophagy and apoptosis were detected, and cell permeability was assessed. In vivo, mice were pretreated with the autophagy inhibitor chloroquine (CLQ), followed by treatment with ALULA. The mice then underwent operative lung I/R. LI was assessed by performing a pathological examination, calculating the wet/dry lung weight ratio and detecting the bronchial alveolar lavage fluid (BALF) protein concentration. αvβ5 inhibition promoted HPMVEC autophagy under I/R in vitro, alleviated cell permeability, decreased the apoptosis ratio, and activated caspase-3 expression. These outcomes were significantly diminished when autophagy was inhibited with a small-interfering RNA construct targeting autophagy-related gene 7 (siATG7). Moreover, ALULA pretreatment alleviated I/R-induced LI (I/R-LI), which manifested as a decreased wet/dry lung weight ratio, an altered BALF protein concentration, and lung edema. Preinhibiting autophagy with CLQ, however, eliminated the protective effects of ALULA on I/R-LI. Therefore, inhibiting αvβ5 effectively ameliorated I/R-induced endothelial cell apoptosis and I/R-LI. This process was dependent on improved autophagy and its inhibitory effects on activated caspase-3.