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Prototypical versus contemporary Mediterranean Diet.
Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2016 Oct; 15:44-48.CN

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS

To investigate the evolution of the Mediterranean Diet (MD) in a delimited area of Southern Italy, by comparing the diet adopted 60-70 years ago (Prototypical Mediterranean Diet, PMD) with the contemporary one (Contemporary Mediterranean Diet, CMD), and to verify to what extent they fitted the recommendations of the Italian and the USDA dietary guidelines.

METHODS

We recruited a total of 106 participants, divided in two groups. PMD group included 52 women aged >80 years, with a good cognitive function and full independence in basic and instrumental activities of daily living. CMD group included 20 men and 34 women aged 50-60 years. Food intake was assessed by administering the EPIC food frequency questionnaire to each participant, and an additional survey to the PMD subjects only.

RESULTS

Both PMD and CMD showed adequate intakes of macronutrients, although some deficiencies related to micronutrient requirements were evident. CMD showed a slightly greater use of animal products, processed and sugary foods, and higher intakes of simple sugars, animal proteins (49.6 vs 28.3 g/day), animal lipids (37.8 vs 20.1 g/day), saturated fats (25.0 vs 15.8 g/day) and cholesterol (305.0 vs 258.5 g/day). PMD showed many similarities to the original version of the MD in terms of macronutrients distribution and food choices.

CONCLUSION

The documented evolution of the dietary habits over a 70 years timespan suggests that nowadays Mediterranean regions adhere less strictly to the original MD, although nutrients intakes are adequate to LARN and USDA recommendations.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Food Sciences and Human Nutrition Unit, Campus Bio-Medico University, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: w.rizza@unicampus.it.Food Sciences and Human Nutrition Unit, Campus Bio-Medico University, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: l.degara@unicampus.it.Unit of Geriatrics, Campus Bio-Medico University, Rome, Italy; Cittadella della Carità Foundation, Taranto, Italy. Electronic address: r.antonelli@unicampus.it.Unit of Geriatrics, Campus Bio-Medico University, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: c.pedone@unicampus.it.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

28531783

Citation

Rizza, W, et al. "Prototypical Versus Contemporary Mediterranean Diet." Clinical Nutrition ESPEN, vol. 15, 2016, pp. 44-48.
Rizza W, De Gara L, Antonelli Incalzi R, et al. Prototypical versus contemporary Mediterranean Diet. Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2016;15:44-48.
Rizza, W., De Gara, L., Antonelli Incalzi, R., & Pedone, C. (2016). Prototypical versus contemporary Mediterranean Diet. Clinical Nutrition ESPEN, 15, 44-48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnesp.2016.06.007
Rizza W, et al. Prototypical Versus Contemporary Mediterranean Diet. Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2016;15:44-48. PubMed PMID: 28531783.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prototypical versus contemporary Mediterranean Diet. AU - Rizza,W, AU - De Gara,L, AU - Antonelli Incalzi,R, AU - Pedone,C, Y1 - 2016/06/23/ PY - 2015/05/31/received PY - 2015/11/30/revised PY - 2016/06/09/accepted PY - 2017/5/23/entrez PY - 2017/5/23/pubmed PY - 2018/1/30/medline KW - Dietary pattern KW - Evolution of eating habits KW - Mediterranean Diet SP - 44 EP - 48 JF - Clinical nutrition ESPEN JO - Clin Nutr ESPEN VL - 15 N2 - BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To investigate the evolution of the Mediterranean Diet (MD) in a delimited area of Southern Italy, by comparing the diet adopted 60-70 years ago (Prototypical Mediterranean Diet, PMD) with the contemporary one (Contemporary Mediterranean Diet, CMD), and to verify to what extent they fitted the recommendations of the Italian and the USDA dietary guidelines. METHODS: We recruited a total of 106 participants, divided in two groups. PMD group included 52 women aged >80 years, with a good cognitive function and full independence in basic and instrumental activities of daily living. CMD group included 20 men and 34 women aged 50-60 years. Food intake was assessed by administering the EPIC food frequency questionnaire to each participant, and an additional survey to the PMD subjects only. RESULTS: Both PMD and CMD showed adequate intakes of macronutrients, although some deficiencies related to micronutrient requirements were evident. CMD showed a slightly greater use of animal products, processed and sugary foods, and higher intakes of simple sugars, animal proteins (49.6 vs 28.3 g/day), animal lipids (37.8 vs 20.1 g/day), saturated fats (25.0 vs 15.8 g/day) and cholesterol (305.0 vs 258.5 g/day). PMD showed many similarities to the original version of the MD in terms of macronutrients distribution and food choices. CONCLUSION: The documented evolution of the dietary habits over a 70 years timespan suggests that nowadays Mediterranean regions adhere less strictly to the original MD, although nutrients intakes are adequate to LARN and USDA recommendations. SN - 2405-4577 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/28531783/Prototypical_versus_contemporary_Mediterranean_Diet_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2405-4577(16)30239-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -